Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.52(4) > 1136446

J Nutr Health. 2019 Aug;52(4):399-407. Korean.
Published online Aug 28, 2019.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2019.52.4.399
© 2019 The Korean Nutrition Society
Physicochemical properties of dried Saururus chinensis and the antioxidative activities of water and 70% ethanol extracts
Myung-Hwa Kang,1 Su-Mi An,2 and Do-Hee Kim1
1Department of Food and Nutrition/Basic Science Institute, Hoseo University, Chungnam 31499, Korea.
2Department of Nanobiotronic, Graduated School, Hoseo University, Chungnam 31499, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-41-540-5973, Email: mhkang@hoseo.edu
Received Apr 04, 2019; Revised May 28, 2019; Accepted May 30, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to evaluate the physicochemical properties of different batches of Saururus chinensis using different roasting temperature that were dried at different using different roasting temperatures and their were determined the antioxidative activities of water and 70% ethanol extracts.

Methods

Extracts were examined for the total phenolic acid content, the and flavonoids contents and the antioxidant properties, including DPPH radical scavenging activity, ABTs scavenging activity and, the reducing power.

Results

Moisture content was significantly higher in the LSC and the crude ash content was significantly higher in the HSC. The crude protein content was higher in the LSC (although not significantly), and the crude fat and carbohydrate contents were higher in the HSC (although not significantly). The total phenolic content was lower in the samples extracted with water, but there was no significant difference. However, the extracts extracted with 70% ethanol at a high drying temperature were significantly higher. The low temperature and high drying temperature batches of Saururus chinensis were significantly higher in the samples extracted with 70% ethanol than those extracted with 70% ethanol. The total phenolic acid content, the total flavonoid content and the electron donating ability were highest in the ethanol extract of Saururuschinensis treated at a high temperature. However, the ABTs radical activity was highest in the water extracted, high-temperature treated Saururuschinensis. The 70% ethanol extract of high temperature roasted Saururuschinensis had the highest antioxidative activities of all the Saururuschinensis batches.

Conclusion

The total phenolic acid contents, total flavonoid contents, electron donating activity and reducing power activity were highest in all the 70% ethanol extraction batches of the high-temperature treated samples.

Keywords: Saururus chinensis; DPPH radicals; physicochemical; antioxidative; ABTs

Tables


Table 1
Proximate compositions of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Table 2
Total phenolic acid contents of water and 70% ethanol extract of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Table 3
Total flavonoid contents of water and 70% ethanol extract of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Table 4
DPPH radical scavenging activity of water and 70% ethanol extract of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Table 5
ABTs radical scavenging activity of water and 70% ethanol extract of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Table 6
SOD-liked activity of water and 70% ethanol extract of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Table 7
Reducing power activity of water and 70% ethanol extract of Saururus chinensis after drying at different temperatures
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Notes

This research was supported by the Hoseo University (Grant Number N 2018-0302).

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