Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.52(4) > 1136445

J Nutr Health. 2019 Aug;52(4):383-398. Korean.
Published online Aug 28, 2019.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2019.52.4.383
© 2019 The Korean Nutrition Society
Association between frequency of convenience foods use at convenience stores and dietary quality among high school students in Incheon
Eun-Mi Kim,1 Mi-Kyeong Choi,2 and Mi-Hyun Kim2
1Major in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University, Yesan, Chungnam 32439, Korea.
2Division of Food Science, Kongju National University, Yesan, Chungnam 32439, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-41-330-1463, Email: mhkim1129@kongju.ac.kr
Received May 23, 2019; Revised Jun 13, 2019; Accepted Jul 12, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study investigated an association between dietary quality and use of convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students.

Methods

A total of 474 high school students (225 boys and 249 girls) residing in Incheon participated in this questionnaire survey in June 2018. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the frequency of consumption of convenience foods at convenience stores; less than once a week, 1 ~ 2 times a week, and more than 3 times a week. Dietary quality was assessed using a nutrient quotient for adolescents (NA-Q). Logistic regression was used to investigate an association between dietary quality and use of convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students.

Results

For boys and girls, higher monthly allowance was significantly associated with the higher frequency of consumption of convenience foods at convenience stores, whereas school grade, mother's occupational status, family size, extracurricular study, and eating speed were not significantly associated with the frequency of consumption of convenience foods. Higher intake frequency of cookies or sweet and greasy bread, processed beverage, Ramyon, night-time snack, and street food was significantly associated with the higher frequency of consumption of convenience foods for boys or girls. Boys and girls, who had a higher frequency of consumption of convenience foods at convenience stores had significantly greater odds for being in the low grade of dietary quality, especially in the moderation factor.

Conclusion

The students who used convenience stores more often appeared to have more monthly allowance and to consume undesirable foods more often. Higher frequency of using convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students was associated with lower dietary quality. These study results can support efforts to provide nutrition education programs and guidelines to students who frequently use convenience foods at convenience stores.

Keywords: convenience foods; convenience stores; dietary quality; high school students

Tables


Table 1
Distribution of general characteristics according to the frequency of consuming convenience foods at convenience stores among the high school students
Click for larger image


Table 2
Distribution of Nutrient Quotient checklist according to the frequency of consuming convenience foods at convenience stores among the high school students
Click for larger image


Table 3
Assessment of Nutrient Quotient score according to the frequency of consuming convenience food at convenience stores among the high school students
Click for larger image


Table 4
Adjusted odds ratio and 95% CI for low dietary quality calculated from the NQ-A with frequency of using convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students
Click for larger image

References
1. Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (KR). Food code [Internet]. Cheongju: Ministry of Food and Drug Safety; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 10].
2. Korea Association of Convenience Store Industry. Convenience store industry status [Internet]. Seoul: Korea Association of Convenience Store Industry; 2017 [cited 2018 Nov 13].
3. Chung IJ, Park JY, Kim EY. Factors predicting suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts of school youth and out-of-school youth. Ment Health Soc Work 2010;34(1):222–251.
4. Ministry of Education (KR). 2018 student health survey sample statistical presentation [Internet]. Sejong: Ministry of Education; 2019 [cited 2019 May 16].
5. Ministry of Education (KR). Ministry of health and welfare, Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. The 14th Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey. Sejong: Ministry of Education; 2018.
6. Nam KM. In: Effect of healthy school tuck shop on snack preference and dietary behavior among adolescent [dissertation]. Seoul: Hanyang University; 2012.
7. Cho YJ, Kim MH, Kim MH, Choi MK. Night eating habits of middle school students in Gyeonggi. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2014;43(2):300–308.
8. Pae M. Dietary habits and perception toward food additives according to the frequency of consumption of convenience food at convenience stores among university students in Cheongju. Korean J Community Nutr 2016;21(2):140–151.
9. Shin GN, Kim YR, Kim MH. Nutritional evaluation of convenience meals in convenience stores near the universities. Korean J Community Nutr 2017;22(5):375–386.
10. Marshall S, Burrows T, Collins CE. Systematic review of diet quality indices and their associations with health-related outcomes in children and adolescents. J Hum Nutr Diet 2014;27(6):577–598.
11. Kim HY, Lee JS, Hwang JY, Kwon SH, Chung HR, Kwak TK, et al. Development of NQ-A, nutrition quotient for Korean adolescents, to assess dietary quality and food behavior. J Nutr Health 2017;50(2):142–157.
12. Kim HY, Kwon SH, Lee JS, Choi YS, Chung HR, Kwak TK, et al. Development of a nutrition quotient (NQ) equation modeling for children and the evaluation of its construct validity. Korean J Nutr 2012;45(4):390–399.
13. Chung MJ, Kwak TK, Kim HY, Kang MH, Lee JS, Chung HR, et al. Development of NQ-E, nutrition quotient for Korean elderly: item selection and validation of factor structure. J Nutr Health 2018;51(1):87–102.
14. Kim HY, Jeong SJ. Dietary behavior of college students in Kangreung area on convenience food. Korean J Soc Food Cookery Sci 2002;18(4):440–447.
15. Kim MH, Bae YJ, Lee HJ, Choi MK. The evaluation of nutritional knowledge and dietary habits according to sex and mother's employment status in middle school students. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 2009;19(6):921–927.
16. Bae YK, Kim YN. Fast foods intake of highschool students in Daejeon area. J Korean Home Econ Educ Assoc 2016;28(2):41–50.
17. Lee SK, Choi MK, Kim MH. Study on middle and high school students' use of convenience foods at convenience stores in Incheon. Korean J Community Nutr 2019;24(2):137–151.
18. Jung HK, Jo HJ, Choi MJ. A study on vegetable & fruit eating habits and dietary fiber intake of high school students-focusing on high school students in Daegu. J Korean Soc Sch Health Educ 2011;12(3):43–64.
19. Lee KA, Cho EJ, Yoon HS. A study on consumption of convenience foods of university students by residing types in Changwon and Masan area. J Korean Diet Assoc 2010;16(3):279–290.
20. Jeong KJ, Lee JH, Kim MH. A study on the nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors, and dietary habits according to the gender in high school students in Chungnam area. Korean J Food Nutr 2014;27(3):458–469.
21. Koo HJ, Kim SY. Analysis of purchasing behaviors of processed foods in high school students in Yongin region. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2014;43(12):1929–1936.
22. Lee JH, Lee EH, Choi E. Study on eating habits and food preference for breakfast of elementary, middle, or high school students in the Incheon area. Korean J Food Cookery Sci 2014;30(2):170–182.
23. Choi KI. An effect on body image of time of television watching and internet use for academic high school students. J Adolesc Welf 2013;15(3):173–191.
24. Jung SY. Effects of maternal employment on adolescents' overweight and obesity. J Korean Soc Child Welf 2013;41:39–66.
25. Boynton-Jarrett R, Thomas TN, Peterson KE, Wiecha J, Sobol AM, Gortmaker SL. Impact of television viewing patterns on fruit and vegetable consumption among adolescents. Pediatrics 2003;112(6 Pt 1):1321–1326.
26. Kim KH. A study of the dietary habits, the nutritional knowledge and the consumption patterns of convenience foods of university students in the Gwangju area. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8(2):181–191.
27. Jung EY, Lim YH, Park MS, Kim MW. A survey of the consumption of convenience foods. Korean J Community Nutr 2002;7(2):149–155.
28. Jang HS. A study of the dietary habits, the nutritional knowledge and the consumption patterns of convenience foods of high school students. Secondary Educ Res 2004;52(1):453–468.
29. Kim EJ, Kim KN. Night snack consumption among high school students in Cheongju. J Hum Ecol 2013;17(2):57–67.
30. Park IJ, Park YW. Survey on intake of snacks and self-purchased snacks due to lack of sleep in high school students in Gwangju. Korean J Food Cult 2009;24(3):256–266.
31. Kim YJ, Jeon ER, Yoo MJ, Jung LH. Perception and utilization of food labeling system of middle school students in Gwangju. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2012;41(6):796–806.