Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.30(3) > 1134751

J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019 Sep;30(3):336-344. Korean.
Published online Sep 30, 2019.
© 2019 Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
Effects of Hand Moxibustion and Hand Press Pellet on Low Back Pain, Range of Joint Movement, and Depression
Yeoun Ok Kim,1 Soon Ock Choi,2 and Jee Won Kim3
1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Sunlin University, Pohang, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan, Busan, Korea.
3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Gumi University, Gumi, Korea.

Corresponding author: Kim, Jee Won. Department of Nursing, Gumi University, 37 Yaeun-ro, Gumi 39213, Korea. Tel: +82-54-440-1301, Email:
Received Mar 15, 2019; Revised Aug 20, 2019; Accepted Aug 20, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study tries to examine the effects of hand moxibustion and press pellet by applying them to male manufacturing workers with low back pain, and use them to develop nursing interventions for workers.


The data were collected from August to October, 2018, and the subjects were 60 men, processed by using SPSS/WIN 21.0 to perform homogeneity test with χ2-, t-, and hypothesis tests with repeated measures, ANOVA and Scheffé test.


Hypothesis 1 that “the experimental group provided with hand moxibustion and hand press pellet would give lower scores for low back pain than the control group” was supported (F=78.71, p<.001). Hypothesis 2 that “the experimental group provided with hand moxibustion and hand press pellet would have a wider range of motion than the control group” was also supported (F=17.44, p<.001). Hypothesis 3 that “the experimental group provided with hand moxibustion and hand press pellet would give lower scores for depression than the control group,” again, was supported (F=16.95, p<.001).


Hand moxibustion and hand press pellet are effective in relieving low back pain for male workers, in increasing the range of motion, and in decreasing depression.

Keywords: Moxibustion; Men; Manufacturing industry; Low back pain


Figure 2
Corresponding points on hands for low back pain.
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Table 1
Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics and Dependent Variables (N=60)
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Table 2
Difference in Low Back Pain, Range of Motion, Depression between Experimental Group and Control Group over Time
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