Journal List > Anat Biol Anthropol > v.32(2) > 1129905

Anat Biol Anthropol. 2019 Jun;32(2):61-67. Korean.
Published online Jun 30, 2019.
© 2019 Korean Association of Physical Anthropologists
Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Human Skeletons from Goryeo Dynasty Graves Discovered at Youngwol, Gangwon-do
Chang Seok Oh,1 Jong Ha Hong,1 and Dong Hoon Shin1,2
1Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.

Correspondence to: Email:
Received Jun 09, 2019; Revised Jun 21, 2019; Accepted Jun 21, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In archaeological excavation sites in Korea, human skeletal remains of various periods were discovered. However, there have been very few studies on skeletal cases of Goryeo period so far. Therefore, in order to obtain the genetic profiles of Goryeo period Korean people at that time, we tried to reveal haplogroups by mtDNA analysis of four skeletons from Goryeo period graves. In this study, the haplogroup identified from them were D4b2b, D4e1a1, D4 and N9a1'3, respectively. This study is invaluable because it is one of the rare reports of genetic information of Korean people of Goryeo Dynsaty.

Keywords: Physical anthropology; Goryeo period; Ancient DNA; Gangwon-do; Mitochondrial DNA


Fig. 1
The skeletal remains of the Koryeo period discovered in Youngwol, Gangwon-do. (A) Skeletal Remain No. 1, (B) Skeletal Remain No. 3, (C) Skeletal Remain No. 7, and (D) Skeletal Remain No. 9.
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Fig. 2
A brief example of the genetic analysis procedure. (A) PCR result, (B) Conformation of electropherogram result, (C) Determination of consensus sequence by aligning nucleotide sequences.
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Fig. 3
Comparison of mtDNA Sequences between rCRS and HVR sequences obtained from skeletal remains.
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