Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.10(3) > 1127571

Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2004 Sep;10(3):226-234. Korean.
Published online Sep 30, 2004.  https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2004.10.3.226
Copyright © 2004 Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing
Health Status, Reproductive Health Problems, and the Degree of Prenatal Management in Married Working Women
Jeungim Kim,1 and Seung-Hyun Han2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Women and Gerontological Nursing, School of Nursing, Soonchunhyang University, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Environmental Health Science, Soonchunhyang University, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Kim, Jeungim (Corresponding Author). Assistant Professor, Department of Women and Gerontological Nursing, School of Nursing, Soonchunhyang University, Korea. Tel & Fax: +82-2-709-9495, Email: jeungim@sch.ac.kr
Received Jul 22, 2004; Accepted Aug 20, 2004.

Abstract

Purpose

This study was to examine health status, reproductive health problems and the degree of prenatal management in working women.

Method

The subjects were 902 married working women among 2, 000 women selected by cluster sampling. The work area was classified to product factory, school, office, etc. After an Informed consent was obtained, participants were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire. The instruments included a questionnaire, parity check list, menstrual problems and gynecologic problem check list.

Result

Many women have experienced menstrual cycle change during the past year. There was a significant difference in general health, menstrual regularity, reproductive health and prenatal management by occupation type. 40.6 percent of the subjects have gynecological problems such as menstrual cycle change, perineal inflammation, irregular vaginal bleeding, amenorrhea, ovarian/uterine disease, infertility, or abortion. Prenatal care was received in only 28.5% of the total subjects. In addition, 16.3% answered they had experienced low birth weight babies.

Conclusion

We can conclude that working woman have changes in menstruation cycle and in reproductive health status. Therefore, we suggest that some occupational characteristics may affect subject's reproductive health, these should be clear and avoided as much as possible.

Keywords: Health status; Reproductive health; Prenatal care; Married working woman