Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.10(3) > 1127568

Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2004 Sep;10(3):200-209. Korean.
Published online Sep 30, 2004.  https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2004.10.3.200
Copyright © 2004 Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing
Physical and Psychological Symptoms of Pregnancy Experienced by Pregnant Couples
Shin-Jeong Kim,1 Soon-Ok Yang,1 and Geum-Hee Jeong1
1Associate professor, Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Kim, ShinJeong (Corresponding Author). Department of Nursing, Hallym University, 1, Okchun-dong, Chunchon, Kwangwon-do 200-702, Korea. Tel: +82-33-248-2721, Fax: +82-33-248-2734, Email: kimsj@hallym.ac.kr
Received May 06, 2004; Accepted Jun 14, 2004.

Abstract

Purpose

This study was to investigate the types and seriousness of pregnancy-related physical and psychological symptoms among pregnant couples.

Method

Subjects consisted of 77 pregnant couples at one hospital in Seoul, Korea. The pregnant couples had not been diagnosed with any medical complications. Data were analyzed by the SPSS WIN program.

Result

In the degree of physical and psychological symptoms of pregnancy experienced by subjects, the mean score of perceived physical symptoms (2.40, 1.86) was higher than the mean score of psychological symptoms (2.13, 1.83) for both pregnant women and their spouses. In the couple's difference of physical and psychological symptoms of pregnancy experienced by subjects, there were not statistically significant differences in the physical symptoms: "I have hemorrhoids" (t=1.91, p=.06), "My body weight decreased" (t=1.78, p=.08), "I have colds more often" (t=1.77, p=.08), and "I became more active than ordinary times" (t=1.99, p=.05) or in the psychological symptoms: "I am more elated than ordinary times" (t=.83, p=.41), and "I feel inferior" (t=1.62, p=.11). Therefore, these symptoms are coincidental between couples. In the difference of physical and psychological symptoms of pregnancy experienced by subjects according to general characteristics, there were not significant differences. In the relationship between physical and psychological symptoms experienced by subjects, there were statistically significant correlations between subject's physical symptoms and psychological symptoms (r=.54, p<.001; r=.78, p<.001).

Conclusion

Physical and psychological symptoms of pregnancy experienced by pregnant couples are an issue for nurses who perform an important role in the care of pregnant women and their spouses.

Keywords: Pregnant couple; Physical; Psychological symptoms; Pregnancy