Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.24(2) > 1122137

Kim, Lee, Cho, Lee, Choi, and Park: Analysis of the Participation Reasons and Deterrents on Welfare Facility Dietitians for the Elderly



This study analyzed the education participation reasons and deterrents of dietitians who work in welfare facilities for the elderly.


The survey was completed by 144 dietitians working at welfare facilities for the elderly in Korea. The survey was conducted in October, 2018, both on-line and off-line, based on the demographic characteristics, work status on welfare facilities for the elderly, Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) and Deterrents to Participation Scale (DPS-G). The data were analyzed using frequency analysis, descriptive analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, regressive analysis using SPSS ver. 25.0.


The reason for participation were divided into three factors: ‘Responsibility of professional and self-development (5.76 ± 1.04)’, ‘Job stability and personal benefits (4.98 ± 1.28)’, and ‘Interaction and development of professional competencies (5.85 ± 1.00)’. ‘Interaction and development of professional competencies’ was the highest motivation factor. Also, the deterrents for participation were divided into four factors: ‘Dispositional barrier (2.70 ± 1.29)’, ‘Dissatisfaction of education usability (3.39 ± 1.38)’, ‘Institutional barrier (4.21 ± 1.45)’, and ‘Situational barrier (2.36 ± 1.30)’. ‘Institutional barrier’ showed the highest deterrents factor. In addition, ‘Responsibility of professional and self-development’ and ‘Interaction and development of professional competencies’ were negative attributes for ‘Dispositional barrier’ (p<0.001).


These results provide basic data to promote participation in education and contribute to the improvement of their job ability and education capacity of the food and nutrition management of welfare facilities for the elderly

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Demographic characteristics N=144

Table 2

Work status on elderly welfare facility for elderly N=144


1) Multiple responses, 2) Mean ± SD

Table 3

Reasons of Education participation factor analysis N=144


KMO=0.953, Cronbach's α=0.975

Bartlett's test of sphericity χ2=4500.437, df=378, (p<0.001)

Total accumulation variance explanation=74.658%

1. strongly disagree 4. neither agree nor disagree 7. strongly agree

Table 4

Deterrents of education participant factor analysis N=144


KMO=0.900, Cronbach's α=0.951

Bartlett's test of sphericity χ2=9673.157, df=378, (p<0.001)

Total accumulation variance explanation=72.022%

1. strongly disagree 4. neither agree nor disagree 7. strongly agree

Table 5

Effect of dispositional barrier on participant reasons


R2=0.123, F=6.370***

*: p<0.05 **: p<0.01 ***: p<0.001

Table 6

Effect of dissatisfaction of education usability on participant reasons


R2=0.008, F=0.360

Table 7

Effect of institutional barrier on participant reasons


R2=0.042, F=1.993

*: p<0.05

Table 8

Effect of situational barrier on participant reasons


R2=0.068, F=3.290*

*: p<0.05, **: p<0.01


This research was supported by a grant from the Korea Federation of Women's Science & Technology Association.


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