Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.52(1) > 1120971

J Nutr Health. 2019 Feb;52(1):90-103. Korean.
Published online Feb 28, 2019.
© 2019 The Korean Nutrition Society
The relationship of nutrition of rice and positive evaluation of the rice-based meal on the physical and emotional self-diagnosis and learning efficiency of the middle and highschool students in the Jeonju area
Hyeon Kyeong Lee,1 Young Seung Lee,1,2 Soo Jin Jung,3 Min Sook Kang,1 Yu Jin Hwang,1 Sun Mi Yoo,1 Yeon Soo Cha,4 and Soo Muk Cho1
1Lifestyle and Nutrition Division, Department of Agro-food Resources, National Institute of Sgricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, Korea.
2Major in Nutrition Education, The Graduate School of Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.
3Clinical Trial Center for Functional Foods, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54907, Korea.
4Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, and Research Institute of Human Ecology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-63-238-3580, Email:
Received Nov 09, 2018; Revised Dec 11, 2018; Accepted Jan 04, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study examined the relationship of the nutrition of rice and the positive evaluation of the rice-based meal with the food consumption habits, physical and emotional health status, and learning efficacy of 601 middle and high school students in Jeonju area.


The participants were divided into two groups using cluster analysis in that the participants belonging to the upper groups had a center score of 46.86 (n = 348), while the people belonging to the lower group had a center score of 36.89 (n = 253). Statistical differences were tested for all the relationships between the physical and emotional healths symptoms and learning efficacy between the groups at the α = 0.05 level.


Significant differences in the physical self-evaluated symptoms were observed in all five items in each cluster (p < 0.05). In the case of the emotional health status, nine out of 10 items showed significant differences between the groups. Similarly, significant differences in all five items in learning efficacy questionnaire were noted (p < 0.05). Positive attitudes of the parents toward having breakfast also showed significant differences among the groups.


The nutrition of rice and a positive evaluation of the rice-based meals significantly affect the physical and emotional health status and learning efficacy of juveniles. These findings can be used as baseline information for promoting nutrition education, particularly rice-based breakfast.

Keywords: rice-based meal; adolescent; diet habits; physical and emotional health symptoms; learning efficacy


Table 1
Questionnaire composition used in the study
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Table 2
General characteristics and eating habits for breakfast by groups
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Table 3
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding the physical self-diagnosis
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Table 4
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding the emotional self-diagnosiss
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Table 5
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding learning efficacy
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Table 6
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding parent's recognition
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This work was supported by grants from Rural Development Adminstration.

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