Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.52(1) > 1120971

J Nutr Health. 2019 Feb;52(1):90-103. Korean.
Published online Feb 28, 2019.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2019.52.1.90
© 2019 The Korean Nutrition Society
The relationship of nutrition of rice and positive evaluation of the rice-based meal on the physical and emotional self-diagnosis and learning efficiency of the middle and highschool students in the Jeonju area
Hyeon Kyeong Lee,1 Young Seung Lee,1,2 Soo Jin Jung,3 Min Sook Kang,1 Yu Jin Hwang,1 Sun Mi Yoo,1 Yeon Soo Cha,4 and Soo Muk Cho1
1Lifestyle and Nutrition Division, Department of Agro-food Resources, National Institute of Sgricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, Korea.
2Major in Nutrition Education, The Graduate School of Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.
3Clinical Trial Center for Functional Foods, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54907, Korea.
4Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, and Research Institute of Human Ecology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-63-238-3580, Email: soomuk@korea.kr
Received Nov 09, 2018; Revised Dec 11, 2018; Accepted Jan 04, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study examined the relationship of the nutrition of rice and the positive evaluation of the rice-based meal with the food consumption habits, physical and emotional health status, and learning efficacy of 601 middle and high school students in Jeonju area.

Methods

The participants were divided into two groups using cluster analysis in that the participants belonging to the upper groups had a center score of 46.86 (n = 348), while the people belonging to the lower group had a center score of 36.89 (n = 253). Statistical differences were tested for all the relationships between the physical and emotional healths symptoms and learning efficacy between the groups at the α = 0.05 level.

Results

Significant differences in the physical self-evaluated symptoms were observed in all five items in each cluster (p < 0.05). In the case of the emotional health status, nine out of 10 items showed significant differences between the groups. Similarly, significant differences in all five items in learning efficacy questionnaire were noted (p < 0.05). Positive attitudes of the parents toward having breakfast also showed significant differences among the groups.

Conclusion

The nutrition of rice and a positive evaluation of the rice-based meals significantly affect the physical and emotional health status and learning efficacy of juveniles. These findings can be used as baseline information for promoting nutrition education, particularly rice-based breakfast.

Keywords: rice-based meal; adolescent; diet habits; physical and emotional health symptoms; learning efficacy

Tables


Table 1
Questionnaire composition used in the study
Click for larger image


Table 2
General characteristics and eating habits for breakfast by groups
Click for larger image


Table 3
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding the physical self-diagnosis
Click for larger image


Table 4
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding the emotional self-diagnosiss
Click for larger image


Table 5
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding learning efficacy
Click for larger image


Table 6
Differences between two groups on nutrition of rice and positive evaluations rice-based meal regarding parent's recognition
Click for larger image

Notes

This work was supported by grants from Rural Development Adminstration.

References
1. Cheong JY, Kim MJ, Kim YA, Ly SY. Effect of breakfast eating on lening attitude, academic efficacy and self-rated mental health of the 5th grade students of primary school in Daejeon city in Korea. Korean J Hum Ecol 2014;23(4):709–720.
2. Bae AY. In: Relationship between schoolworks and breakfast intake of middle school students [dissertation]. Busan: Dong-A University; 2009.
3. Choe JS, Chun HK, Chung GJ, Nam HJ. Relations between the dietary habit and academic achievement, subjective health judgement, physical status of high school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2003;32(4):627–635.
4. Woo LJ, Kim SY. Association between breakfast frequency and awareness of general school life in high school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2015;44(6):854–861.
5. Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Allison DB. Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence. Am J Clin Nutr 2013;98(5):1298–1308.
6. Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Willmore J. Relationships between bullying victimization psychological distress and breakfast skipping among boys and girls. Appetite 2015;89(1):41–46.
7. Hoyland A, Dye L, Lawton CL. A systematic review of the effect of breakfast on the cognitive performance of children and adolescents. Nutr Res Rev 2009;22(2):220–243.
8. Chung YC, Park CH, Kwon HK, Park YM, Kim YS, Doo JK, et al. Improved cognitive performance following supplementation with a mixed-grain diet in high school students: a randomized controlled trial. Nutrition 2012;28(2):165–172.
9. Park EO, Oh MR, Choi EK, Shin DH, Doo JK, Kim YS, et al. Mixed grain containing giant embryonic brown rice improves postprandial glycaemic response in healthy subjects. Nutr Diet 2016;73(2):132–138.
10. Jung SJ, Park SH, Choi EK, Cha YS, Cho BH, Kim YG, et al. Beneficial effects of Korean traditional diets in hypertensive and type 2 diabetic patients. J Med Food 2014;17(1):161–171.
11. Jung SJ, Kim MG, Park TS, Kim YG, Song WO, Chae SW. Rice-based Korean meals (bibimbap and kimbap) have lower glycemicresponses and postprandial-triglyceride effects than energy-matched Western meals. J Ethnic Foods 2015;2(4):154–161.
12. Byun MS, Yu OK, Cha YS, Park TS. Korean traditional Chungkookjang improves body composition, lipid profiles and atherogenic indices in overweight/obese subjects: a double-blind, randomized, crossover, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr 2016;70(10):1116–1122.
13. Kwon SJ, Sung SJ, Ly SY. The interrelations among nutrition education, satisfaction with school lunch, school lunch leftovers and self-rated mental or physical health: the elementary school children in Daejeon area. Korean J Community Nutr 2010;15(1):94–107.
14. Kim YS, Yoon JH, Kim HR, Kwon SO. Factors related to eating breakfast of middle and high school students in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 2010;15(5):582–592.
15. Beak YM, Jung SJ, Beak HI, Cha YS. A study on eating out and snack intake of elementary school students living in Jeonbuk province. Korean J Hum Ecol 2007;10(2):77–87.
16. Lee EO, Lee EH, Choe E. Food intake and preference for breakfast of middle school students in Incheon. Korean J Food Cookery Sci 2013;29(5):563–571.
17. Jung SJ, Chae SW, Sohn HS, Kim SB, Rho JO, Baik SH, et al. Actual status of constipation and life factors affecting constipation by diagnosis of Rome in female university students in Korea. Korean J Nutr 2011;44(5):428–442.
18. Choi MY, Kim HY. Nutrition knowledge, dietary self-efficacy and eating habits according to student's stage of regular breakfast or exercise. Korean J Community Nutr 2008;13(5):653–662.
19. Choi JH, Park GS. Study on breakfast status and perception of substitution foods for breakfast in high school students in Daegu area. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 2016;26(6):565–574.
20. Chung SJ, Lee Y, Kwon S. Factors associated with breakfast skipping in elementary school children in Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 2004;9(1):3–11.
21. Sung C, Sung M, Choi M, Kim M, Seo Y, Park E, et al. Comparison of the food and nutrition ecology of elementary school children by regions. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8(5):642–651.
22. Yi BS, Yang IS. An exploratory study for identifying factors related to breakfast in elementary, middle and high school students. Korean J Community Nutr 2006;11(1):25–38.
23. Lee SE. In: A study on the status of skipping breakfast and dietary behavior for high-grade elementary school students in Gyeonggi area [disseratation]. Seoul: Myongji University; 2008.
24. You JS, Kim SM, Chang KJ. Nutritional knowledge and dietary behavior of the 6th grade elementary school students in Daejeon area by gender and skipping breakfast. Korean J Nutr 2009;42(3):256–267.
25. Sung SJ, Kwon S. Effect of eating with family or alone on the self-rated mental or physical health: the elementary school children in Daejeon area. Korean J Community Nutr 2010;15(2):206–226.
26. Yi HJ, Chyun JH. A study on the relationship between food habits, food preferences and personality traits of children. J Korean Home Econ Assoc 1989;27(2):85–95.
27. Park SM. In: Intervention effect of intrinsic motivation enhancing strategy on academic efficacy and learning attitude [dissertation]. Gyeongsan: Daegu University; 2008.
28. Bandura A, Schunk DH. Cultivating competence, self-efficacy and intrinsic interest through proximal self-motivation. J Pers Soc Psychol 1981;41(3):586–598.
29. Pintrich PR, de Groot EV. Motivational and self-regulated learning components of classroom academic performance. J Educ Psychol 1990;82(1):33–40.
30. Schunk DH. Effects of effort attributional feedback on children's perceived self-efficacy and achievement. J Educ Psychol 1982;74(4):548–556.
31. Kim SA, Lee BH. Relationships between the nutrient intake status, dietary habits, academic stress and academic achievement in the elementary school children in Bucheon-si. Korean J Nutr 2008;41(8):786–796.
32. Cheong JY, Lee SY. Learning attitude and academic efficacy of the 5th grade elementary school students in Daejeon area by skipping breakfast; 2012 Summer Conference; 2012 Jun 1; Daejeon University Hyehwa Culture Center. Seoul: Korean Association of Human Ecology; 2012. pp. 153-154.