Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(6) > 1111489

J Nutr Health. 2018 Dec;51(6):580-589. Korean.
Published online Dec 31, 2018.
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Comparison of dietary behavior and consumption of processed beverage depend on food insecurity status of adolescents in vientiane, Lao PDR
Yena Lee,1 Ji-Myung Kim,2 Kyungock Yi,3 Visanou Hansana,4 and Yuri Kim1,5
1Department of Clinical Health, The Graduate School of Converging Clinical & Public Health, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.
2Food and Nutrition Major, Division of Food Science and Culinary Arts, Shinhan University, Uijeongbu, Gyeonggi 11644, Korea.
3Division of Kinesiology & Sports Studies, College of Science and Industry Convergence, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.
4Faculty of Post graduate studies, University of Health Sciences, Vientiane Capital City 7444, Lao PDR.
5Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-3277-4485, Email:
Received Oct 08, 2018; Revised Nov 09, 2018; Accepted Nov 09, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the food insecurity status and dietary behavior and examine the association between the food insecurity status and consumption of processed beverage for secondary school students in Vientiane, capital city of Lao PDR.


The study subjects are 714 students (boys = 307 and girls = 407) in four secondary schools (Chao_Anouvong, Phiavat, Saysetha, and Chansavang) of Vientiane, Lao PDR. Data on study subject's demographic characteristics, dietary behavior, food insecurity, and Mini Dietary Assessment (MDA) index were collected. A “Self-Administered Food Security Survey Module for Children Aged 12 Years and Older” developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was used for the food insecurity assessment.


As a result, 72.7% of the subjects were in a state of food insecurity, and food security was associated with higher socioeconomic status (higher life satisfaction, higher parent's education attainment, higher item ownership, fewer number of siblings, and having more lunches at the school restaurant than at home). Compared to the food insecurity group, the frequency of breakfast, self-rated diet, and the total score of MDA index were higher in the food security group. On the other hand, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ‘food security’ was also associated with a higher consumption of processed beverages (OR 1.544; 95% CI 1.078–2.213; p = 0.018).


Improving the quality of the diet is essential for adolescents in both the food insecurity and food security groups in Lao PDR. Therefore, it is necessary to provide well organized nutrition education and establish adequate nutrition policy for adolescents in Lao PDR.

Keywords: food insecurity; dietary behavior; processed beverage; adolescent; Lao PDR


Table 1
Demographic characteristics of total subjects by food insecurity status
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Table 2
Dietary behavior of total subjects by food insecurity status
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Table 3
The score of MDA index1) of total subjects by food insecurity status
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Table 4
Logistic regression analysis correlating variables with food security among total subjects
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Table 5
Logistic regression analysis correlating variables with high level of processed beverage consumption among total subjects
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Table 6
Multiple logistic regression analysis correlating food insecurity status with high level of processed beverage consumption among total subjects
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This work was supported by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) under the NO.2017-002.

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