Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(6) > 1111485

J Nutr Health. 2018 Dec;51(6):526-537. Korean.
Published online Dec 31, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.6.526
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Study on the osteoporosis knowledge, concern about osteoporosis factors, and health behavior to prevent osteoporosis of women in Jeonbuk area
Hyun Ju Lee,1 and Jeong Ok Rho2
1Major of Nutrition Education, The Graduate School of Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.
2Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-63-270-4135, Email: jorho@jbnu.ac.kr
Received Sep 06, 2018; Revised Oct 01, 2018; Accepted Nov 10, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to identify women's osteoporosis knowledge, concerns about osteoporosis factors, and health behavior as well as to examine the relationship between these variables.

Methods

The participants were 394 women in the Jeonbuk area. The data were analyzed using a t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test, and hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS v. 24.0.

Results

The score for osteoporosis knowledge was 6.21 points out of a possible 12, the score for concern about osteoporosis factors was 26.50 points out of a possible 40. The score for the health behavior was 57.26 points out of a possible 85. The knowledge showed significant differences according age (p < 0.01), income (p < 0.05), education level (p < 0.01), drinking milk in childhood (p < 0.05), health interest (p < 0.05), and osteoporosis information (p < 0.01). The concern showed significant differences according to age (p < 0.001), income (p < 0.05), health interest (p < 0.001), osteoporosis information (p < 0.001), family history of osteoporosis (p < 0.05), and calcium medications (p < 0.001). The health behavior showed significant differences according to age (p < 0.001), income (p < 0.01), drinking milk in childhood (p < 0.05), health interest (p < 0.001), osteoporosis information (p < 0.01), and calcium medications (p < 0.01). Regression analysis showed that the concern about osteoporosis factors was the most influential variable on health behavior, followed by health interest of the subjects, age, and the osteoporosis knowledge.

Conclusion

Therefore, it is necessary to consider educational programs on increasing interest in osteoporosis according to the age and health for improving the health behavior to prevent osteoporosis.

Keywords: osteoporosis; health behaviors; knowledge; dietary habits

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Osteoporosis knowledge
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Table 3
Concern about osteoporosis factors
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Table 4
Health behavior to prevent osteoporosis
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Table 5
Osteoporosis knowledge, concern about osteoporosis factors, health behavior to prevent osteoporosis according to the general characteristics of subjects
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Table 6
Factors influencing health behavior to prevent osteoporosis
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