Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(5) > 1106755

J Nutr Health. 2018 Oct;51(5):465-479. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.5.465
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and influencing factors in Korean adolescents: based on the 2017 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey
Ayoung Kim,1 Jinhee Kim,2 and Seunghee Kye1
1Graduate School of Education, Gachon University, Seongnam, Gyeonggi 13120, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Gyeonggi 16499, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-31-750-5507, Email: shkye@gachon.ac.kr
Received July 24, 2018; Revised August 25, 2018; Accepted September 27, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study examined the frequency of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in Korean adolescents and the major factors influencing the excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, such as sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, psychological characteristics, and dietary habits.

Methods

The analysis was performed using the data from the 2017 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. The subjects included in the analysis were 30,885 middle school students and 31,391 high school students, totaling 62,276. The frequency of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was calculated by summing the consumption frequencies of soda, high caffeine or energy drinks, and sweet beverages over the last 7 days. The Rao-Scott chi-square test, reflecting information on the sampling design, was used to test the differences in the rate of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption according to each factor. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the factors influencing the excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Results

The rate of sweetened beverage consumption was higher in boys than in girls, in high school students than in middle school students, in students whose father's education level was lower, in those whose subjective academic performance was lower, and in those who smoked or consumed alcohol. In addition, the rate of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was higher in those who experienced severe stress, suicidal ideation, sadness, or a sense of despair. The rate of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was also high in those who skipped breakfast; who frequently consumed fast foods, ramen, or snacks; and who frequently ate meals at convenience stores, supermarkets, or school stores.

Conclusion

The rate of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in Korean adolescents is related to various factors, such as sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, psychological characteristics, and dietary habits.

Keywords: Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey; sugar-sweetened beverages; adolescents

Tables


Table 1
Socio-demographic characteristics by sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 2
Health behaviors by sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 3
Psychological variables by sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 4
Dietary habits by sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 5
Logistic regression analysis of socio-demographic charactristrics associated with sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 6
Logistic regression analysis of health behavioral characteristics associated with sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 7
Logistic regression analysis of psychological characteristics associated with sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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Table 8
Logistic regression analysis of dietary habits associated with sugar-sweetened beverages intake among Korean adolescents participating in the KYRBS, 20171)
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