Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(4) > 1100549

J Nutr Health. 2018 Aug;51(4):287-294. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.4.287
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are associated with dental caries experience in Korean adolescents: the 2010 ~ 2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
Soyeon Choi,1 Deog-Gyu Seo,2 and Ji-Yun Hwang3
1Nutrition Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Sangmyung University, Seoul 03016, Korea.
2Department of Conservative Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea.
3Department of Foodservice Management and Nutrition, Sangmyung University, Seoul 03016, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-781-7521, Email: jiyunhk@smu.ac.kr
Received June 01, 2018; Revised June 15, 2018; Accepted June 26, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and dental caries experience in Korean adolescents based on the 2010 ~ 2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.

Methods

The study subjects were 2,655 Korean adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. Subjects were classified into four groups according to their serum 25(OH)D levels. We used logistic regression to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D and for dental caries experience after adjusting for age, household income level, recipient of basic livelihood, tooth brushing and visiting dental clinics.

Result

Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that serum 25(OH)D insufficiency (20 ng/mL≤25(OH)D<30 ng/mL) was associated with increased odd ratios (ORs) for dental caries experience in boys (OR = 2.577, 95% CI = 1.013–6.557), compared with serum 25(OH)D sufficiency (25(OH)D≥30.0 ng/mL).

Conclusion

The serum 25(OH)D levels were found to be related to risk of dental caries experience in Korean adolescent boys.

Keywords: vitamin D; dental caries; Korean adolescents; Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Figures


Fig. 1
The flow chart for selection of subjects
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of subjects
Click for larger image


Table 2
Association of experienced dental caries with various 25(OH)D levels
Click for larger image

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