Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(3) > 1097794

J Nutr Health. 2018 Jun;51(3):254-263. Korean.
Published online June 28, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.3.254
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Comparison of nutrients and food intakes of young children according to lunch places: based on the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Young-Sun Choi
Department of Food & Nutrition, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38453, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-53-850-6833, Email: yschoi@daegu.ac.kr
Received May 25, 2018; Revised May 31, 2018; Accepted June 04, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study examined whether there was a difference in the nutrients and food intake of young children depending on their lunch places.

Methods

The dietary survey data of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010 ~ 2012) were used. The children were grouped into either a child care center lunch group (n = 728) or home lunch group (n = 592) and their nutrients and food intakes were compared.

Results

No differences in the 24-hr energy intake and energy intakes from lunch and dinner according to the lunch places were observed. The percentage of breakfast energy was lower in the child care center lunch group, whereas the percentage of snack energy was higher. In children aged 3 ~ 5 years, the sodium, potassium, and vitamin C intakes were high in the child care center lunch group. The 1 ~ 2 years and 3 ~ 5 year old children's vegetable intake from lunch was significantly higher in the child care center lunch group than in the home lunch group. Children aged 3 ~ 5 years in the child care center lunch group consumed more beans and fish at lunch. The adequacy of nutrients and food diversity of child care center lunch appear better than home lunch.

Conclusion

Parents and care providers need to make efforts to use diverse foods, such as vegetables and fish, in children's meals to provide balanced diets and promote healthy eating behaviors to their children.

Keywords: young children; lunch place; nutrient intake; food intake; snack

Tables


Table 1
Numbers and anthropometric characteristics of young children according to lunch places
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Table 2
Comparison of young children's energy intakes from meals and snack according to lunch places
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Table 3
Comparison of young children's nutrient intakes from lunch according to lunch places
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Table 4
Comparison of young children's food group intakes from lunch according to lunch places
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Table 5
Comparison of young children's food group intakes from snack according to lunch places
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Table 6
Comparison of young children's 24-hr nutrient intakes according to lunch places
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Table 7
Comparison of young children's 24-hr food group intakes according to lunch places
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Notes

This research was supported by research grant from the Daegu University in 2015.

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