Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(3) > 1097790

J Nutr Health. 2018 Jun;51(3):242-253. Korean.
Published online June 28, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.3.242
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Study on the correlation between nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes of guardians, and nutritional status of infants and toddlers - Nutrition-Plus program in Jeonju
Eun Young Song,1 and Jeong Ok Rho2
1Major of Nutrition Education, The Graduate School of Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.
2Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-63-270-4135, Email: jorho@jbnu.ac.kr
Received April 17, 2018; Revised May 14, 2018; Accepted May 16, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to identify the nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes of guardians, and nutritional status of infants and toddlers as well as the relationships between these variables.

Methods

The participants were selected among applicants for low-income family financing provided by the government and included 115 infants and toddlers as well as their guardians. Demographic data, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, and nutrition intakes were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire, biochemical examination, and 24 Hour-Recall method.

Results

The score for guardians' nutrition knowledge was 12.97 points of a possible 15, and the score for dietary attitudes was 53.38 points of a possible 75. The nutrition knowledge and dietary attitudes showed significant differences by education level (p < 0.05) and family structure (p < 0.05). Energy intakes of subjects aged 6 ~ 24 months and over 25 months were lower than the DRI for Koreans. The intakes of carbohydrates, protein, and fat of subjects aged 6 ~ 24 months and over 25 months showed no significant differences by level of nutrition knowledge or dietary attitudes. The intake of Ca of subjects aged over 12 months showed significant differences by level of nutrition knowledge (p < 0.05). The intakes of Thiamin of subjects aged 6 ~ 11 months and P of subjects aged over 12 months showed significant differences by level of dietary attitudes (p < 0.05). There was a small positive correlation between education level and nutrition knowledge as well as between dietary attitudes. Nutrition knowledge showed a positive correlation with dietary attitudes. There was a positive correlation between nutrition knowledge and Ca, Riboflavin, as well as Vit C levels.

Conclusion

Therefore, it is necessary to consider an educational program for increasing the practical application of knowledge to nutrition management for improvement of nutrition intake in infants and toddlers.

Keywords: nutrition knowledge; dietary attitude; nutritional status

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the guardians
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Table 2
Mean score of nutrition knowledge of guardians
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Table 3
Mean score of dietary attitudes of guardians
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Table 4
Nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes according to general characteristics
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Table 5
Percentage of daily energy intake and macronutrient intake in infants and toddlers by nutrition knowledge level
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Table 6
Micronutrient intake in infants and toddlers by nutrition knowledge level
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Table 7
Percentage of daily energy intake and macronutrient intake in infants and toddlers by dietary attitudes
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Table 8
Micronutrient intake in infants and toddlers by dietary attitudes
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Table 9
Pearson's correlation coefficient among education level, nutrition knowledge, and dietary attitudes of guardians
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Table 10
Pearson's correlation coefficient among nutrition knowledge, dietary attitude of guardians and nutritional status of infants and toddlers
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