Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(2) > 1081552

J Nutr Health. 2018 Apr;51(2):168-176. Korean.
Published online April 30, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.2.168
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
Food consumption behaviors of women by marital status: focus on the 2015 consumers survey data on food consumption behaviors
Eun-kyung Kim,1 and Se-Young Ju2
1Research Institute of Natural Science, Sangmyung University, Seoul 03016, Korea.
2Major in Food Science, College of Biomedical and Health Science, Konkuk University, Chungju, Chungbuk 27478, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-43-840-3582, Email: syoungju86@kku.ac.kr
Received January 19, 2018; Revised February 02, 2018; Accepted February 07, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to analyze food consumption behavior of women by marital status based on the 2015 consumer survey data on Food Consumption Behaviors of the Korea Rural Economic Institute.

Methods

We analyzed data describing 3,312 women aged 19 ~ 75 who were the main buyers of foods in their household. The food purchase patterns, dining-out behavior, and use of food-delivery and take-out were investigated.

Results

Overall, 40.5% of unmarried women shopped for food once per week and 37.4% spent 200,000 ~ 400,000 won per month. Additionally, 43.1% of married women shopped 2 ~ 3 times per week and 26.6% spent 400,000 ~ 600,000 won (p < 0.0001). Dining-out frequency and one-time cost per person of dining-out for unmarried women were higher than those for married women. With delivery/take-out food frequency, 2 time per week was the highest rate among married women (34.6%) and once per week was the highest among unmarried women (31.2%) respectively.

Conclusion

The results of this study indicate food consumption behaviors and trends of Korean women by marital status. This study provides basic data that will be useful for food industries establishing marketing strategies to better meet consumer demands.

Keywords: Korean women; food consumption behavior; database; marital status; dining-out

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects1)
Click for larger image


Table 2
Food consumption behaviors by marital status1)
Click for larger image


Table 3
Eating-out behaviors by marital status1)
Click for larger image


Table 4
Uses of food-delivery and take-out by marital status1)
Click for larger image


Table 5
Processed or prepared foods purchase behaviors by marital status1)
Click for larger image

Notes

This work was supported by grants from Amorepacific Foundation.

References
1. Park M, Go DY, Koo JK, Lee KH. In: Analysis of the effects of structural demographic changes on the demand for services. Seoul: Korea Institute for Industrial Economics & Trade; 2013.
2. Bennett J, Dixon M. In: Single person households and social policy: looking forwards. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation; 2006.
3. Yeung WJ, Cheung AK. Living alone: one-person households in Asia. Demogr Res 2015;32:1099–1112.
4. Statistics Korea. Population and housing census 2015 [Internet]. Daejeon: Statistics Korea; 2016 [cited 2018 Feb 6].
Available from: http://kostat.go.kr.
5. Kim S, Hwang DS. Influence of life style on economic, health, and social preparations for old age: a comparison between single-person and multiple-person households. Consumption Cult Study 2017;20(3):227–254.
6. Statistics Korea. Population and housing census 2016 [Internet]. Daejeon: Statistics Korea; 2017 [cited 2018 Feb 6].
Available from: http://kostat.go.kr.
7. Park JH, Lee SH, Han SH. In: An analysis on expenditure pattern on cultural consumption of single households. Sejong: Korea Institute for Industrial Economics & Trade; 2015.
8. Park MS, Koh DY, Goo JK. In: An analysis on consumption expenditure pattern by household characteristics. Seoul: Korea Institute for Industrial Economics & Trade; 2014.
9. Ban JH. Social and economic characteristics and change of single-person households. Mon Labor Rev 2012;(85):55–67.
10. Kim YA. In: A study on single people's satisfaction of convenience foods and repurchase intention according to food-related lifestyle [dessertation]. Seoul: Sookmyung Women's University; 2015.
11. Jung J, Kim TH, Bae HJ. A study of perception and consumption behavior of consumers with regards to local food and eco-friendly food. Culin Sci Hosp Res 2017;23(2):104–116.
12. Jung JH, Hwang JH, Lee SB. A study on the relationship between lifestyle and the dining-out purchase behavior: focused on women in twenties and thirties. Korea J Tourism Hosp Res 2012;26(3):97–114.
13. Han SH. Married woman's family life management behavior: consumer's purchase behavior, dietary life behavior, and satisfaction of well-being oriented food. J Korean Fam Resour Manage Assoc 2010;14(2):127–152.
14. Mun SR, Cho YB. The effects of dining out choice attributes on behavioral intention according to foodservice consumption. J Foodserv Manage 2017;20(5):51–72.
15. Lee SL. The effect of household demographic trend on food expenditure pattern. Consumption Cult Study 2014;17(3):85–104.
16. Jo PK. The effects of the economic characteristics of single-person households on the food service industry. Korean J Community Nutr 2016;21(4):321–331.
17. Yoon DH, Chae SA, Song ET. In: A survey on single households: 2014 vs. 2015 tracking survey. Seoul: Embrain; 2015.
18. Jae MK, Jeon HR, Lee Y. Difference analysis of consumers for dietary life consumption behavior based on eating out and delivering or taking out food service. Consumption Cult Study 2017;20(3):27–50.
19. Kim S, Lee K, Lee Y. Selection attributes of home meal replacement by food-related lifestyles of single-person households in South Korea. Food Qual Prefer. 2018
Forthcoming.
20. Ju SY. Study on importance-performance analysis regarding selective attributes of Home Meal Replacement (HMR). J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2012;41(11):1639–1644.
21. Lee BS, Park KH, Cho JH. A study on the effect of selection attributes on consumer satisfaction and repurchase intention about HMR: in case of ready-to-endcook. Korean J Culinary Res 2011;17(2):85–97.
22. Jang YJ, Kim WG, Yang IS. Mature consumers' patronage motives and the importance of attributes regarding HMR based on the food-related life styles of the upper middle class. Int J Hospit Manag 2011;30(1):55–63.
23. Yoo HJ. The effects of concerns on food safety and trust in label information on label use and willingness to pay among Korean consumers. Korean Rev Crisis Emerg Manage 2016;12(2):168–178.
24. Kim MJ, Chong YK. Consumers' delivery and take-out behaviors and dietary-life satisfaction. J Foodserv Manage 2015;18(6):421–443.
25. Choi KW, Bang DH. The segmentation of customers dining out: an application of Latent Class Analysis (LCA). J Tourism Sci 2017;41(4):131–149.
26. Chung CE. Complex sample design effects and inference for Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Korean J Nutr 2012;45(6):600–612.
27. Sung NK. Software packages for survey data analysis. Surv Res 2000;1(1):109–123.
28. Korea Rural Economic Institute. An instruction for the consumers behavior survey for Food 2016 [Internet]. Naju: Korea Rural Economic Institute; 2016 [cited 2018 Jan 15].
29. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An instruction for the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [Internet]. Cheongju: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2018 [cited 2018 Jan 15].