Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.51(2) > 1081551

J Nutr Health. 2018 Apr;51(2):153-167. Korean.
Published online April 30, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.2.153
© 2018 The Korean Nutrition Society
The differences of dietary behaviors, dietary life consumer education related current situations · competencies and dietary lifestyles between baby-boom and echo generations
Jong Ok Park
Department of Consumer Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28644, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-43-261-2744, Email: nekoyaon@snu.ac.kr
Received January 12, 2018; Revised February 06, 2018; Accepted February 21, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to identify differences in dietary behaviors, dietary life consumer education related situation competencies, and dietary lifestyles between baby-boom and echo generations by gender.

Methods

Data were drawn from the 2016 Food Consumption Behavior Survey, and 2,474 subjects (baby-boom generation 1,304; echo generation 1,170) were selected.

Results

The baby-boom generation more frequently ate meals at home with family than the echo generation, whereas the echo generation had meals more frequently at cafeterias, cafes, bakeries, convenience stores and with friends or colleagues than the baby-boom generation. However, no significant differences in dietary life related consumer education were observed between generations, and experience with food related consumer education and food related promotional/events was very low in general. Baby-boomers received their primary dietary information from surrounding people, whereas the echo generation received it from broadcasting. The information use competence was lower for the baby-boom generation (3.29) than echo generation (3.35), although this difference was not significant. Healthy dietary life competence did not differ significantly, whereas the baby-boom generation showed a higher level of practice competence than the echo generation. Additionally, the baby-boom generation was more likely to pursuit health and less likely to be concerned with convenience and taste quality than the echo generation.

Conclusion

The frequencies of meal eating places, drinking, and eating-out differed significantly between the two generations, while the participation ratios of food related consumer education/events, attitudes toward education, and information use competence did not. Additionally, knowledge regarding healthy dietary life competencies did not differ, whereas practice level showed significant differences between generations. Among dietary lifestyles, the baby-boom generation showed higher pursuit of health and lower pursuit of convenience and taste quality than the echo generation.

Keywords: baby-boom generation; echo generation; dietary life consumer education; dietary lifestyle; dietary behavior

Tables


Table 1
Socio-characteristics of baby-boom & echo generations by gender
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Table 2
Dietary behavior characteristics of baby-boom & echo generations by gender
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Table 3
Experiences and attitudes of food related consumer education, promotions, and events of baby-boom and echo generations by gender
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Table 4
Main information source for food-related information of baby-boom & echo generations by gender
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Table 5
Checking, reliability, awareness of food label of baby-boom and echo generations by gender
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Table 6
Food related information use competency of baby-boom and echo generations by gender
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Table 7
Healthy dietary life competencies of baby-boom and echo generations by gender
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Table 8
Interest and purchasing practice in healthy foods of baby-boom and echo generations by gender
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Table 9
Factor analysis results of dietary life style_ rotated component matrix
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Table 10
Dietary life styles of baby-boom and echo generations by gender
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