Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.50(6) > 1081539

J Nutr Health. 2017 Dec;50(6):645-654. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2017.
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society
Current status of dietary education in elementary, middle and high school in Gyeonggi province: Comparison according to school level and placement of nutrition teacher
Youngmi Lee,1 Soo Youn Kwon,2 Ji Hea Kim,3 and Ok Sun Kim4
1Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University, Yongin 17058, Korea.
2Department of Food and Nutrition, Shingu University, Seongnam 13176, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Yuhan University, Bucheon 14780, Korea.
4Department of Food and Nutrition, Jangan University, Hwaseong 18331, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-31-299-3680, Email:
Received July 31, 2017; Revised August 24, 2017; Accepted October 18, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of dietary education carried out by dieticians or nutrition teachers at elementary, middle, and high schools in Gyeonggi province. We compared dietary education status not only among school level but also between dieticians and nutrition teachers.


The survey using self-administered questionnaires was conducted by dieticians or nutrition teachers at 91 schools (43 elementary schools, 33 middle schools, and 15 high schools) in Gyeonggi province in December, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding general characteristics of respondents, current status of dietary education, opinion about dietary education methods, and cooperation level of persons concerned.


The placement rate of nutrition teachers was 50.5% overall. Only 36 out of 91 schools conducted regular dietary education, and the percentage of schools conducting regular dietary education was significantly different according to school level with the lowest percentage in high schools, equivalent to 20% (p = 0.003). The average annual dietary education time was 12.4 hours, and it was very low in high schools (5.1 hours) and in schools without a nutrition teacher (1.6 hours). The levels of cooperation and support from principals, teachers, parents, and students were significantly lower in high schools than elementary and middle schools (all p < 0.001) and in schools without a nutrition teacher than schools with a nutrition teacher (all p < 0.05).


The results show that the level of dietary education is not enough and needs to be improved, especially at middle and high schools and at schools without a nutrition teacher. Government support polices need to be implemented to encourage dietary educational activities.

Keywords: school; nutrition teacher; dietician; dietary education


Table 1
General characteristics of respondents
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Table 2
Regular nutrition and dietary education according to school level and placement of nutrition teacher
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Table 3
Reasons for not operating regular dietary education according to school level and placement of nutrition teacher
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Table 4
Educational activities during school meal time according to school level and placement of nutrition teacher
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Table 5
Opinion about necessary education method for improving dietary habits according to school level and placement of nutrition teacher
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Table 6
Support condition of school staff according to school level and placement of nutrition teacher
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This work was supported by 2015 Research Fund of Myongji University.

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