Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.50(6) > 1081536

J Nutr Health. 2017 Dec;50(6):615-623. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2017.
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society
A path analysis of factors influencing eating problem among young female adults
Bo-Kyoung Cha
Department of Nursing, Hanseo University, Seosan 31962, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-41-660-1071, Email:
Received October 27, 2017; Revised December 01, 2017; Accepted December 04, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to analyze factors influencing eating problems among young female adults.


Participants were 193 young female adults aged 19 ~ 29 years who were recruited in August 2017. Four variables related to eating problems in young female adults, including body image dissatisfaction, self-esteem, trait anger, and depression, were measured using reliable instruments. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program and Amos 24.0 for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and path analysis.


The mean for eating problems in young female adults was 8.99, and 9.8% of subjects were classified as high risk with eating problems. Modified model demonstrated good model fit (χ2/df 0.47, GFI 0.99, AGFI 0.99, NFI 0.99, SRMR 0.022, RMSEA 0.001). Path analysis showed that body image dissatisfaction had the greatest direct effect on eating problems. Depression did not have a direct effect on eating problems, whereas it had indirect effects on eating problems through body image dissatisfaction as the mediating factor. Self-esteem had direct effects on depression and indirect effects on eating problems through depression and body image dissatisfaction as mediating factors. Trait anger had direct effects on depression and body image dissatisfaction and indirect effects on eating problems through depression and body image dissatisfaction as mediating factors. These factors accounted for 46% of the total variance, and the fit indices of the model satisfied the criteria of fitness.


The results of this study reveal the important role of body dissatisfaction and psychological factors such as self-esteem, trait anger, and depression on eating problems. These factors influencing eating problems should be considered when developing programs to improve eating problems in young female adults.

Keywords: female; eating problem; body image dissatisfaction; anger; depression


Fig. 1
Theoretical framework
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Fig. 2
Path diagram for hypothetical model. Model fit: χ2(p) 0.067(0.796), χ2/df 0.067, GFI 0.99, AGFI 0.99, NFI 0.99, SRMR 0.003, RMSEA 0.001. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001, p-value tested by percentile bootstrap method → significant, → not significant
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Fig. 3
Path diagram for modified model. Model fit: χ2(p) 1.89(p = 0.756), χ2/df 0.47, GFI 0.99, AGFI 0.99, NFI 0.99, SRMR 0.022, RMSEA 0.001. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, p-value tested by percentile bootstrap method → significant
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Table 1
General characteristics
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Table 2
Descriptive statistics of variables
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Table 3
Pearson correlation coefficients between variables
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Table 4
Estimates and effects of predictor variables in hypothetical model
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Table 5
Estimates and effects of predictor variables in modified model
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This work was supported by grants from Hanseo University in 2017.

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