Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.50(5) > 1081523

J Nutr Health. 2017 Oct;50(5):472-482. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2017.50.5.472
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society
Study of the characteristics of dietary behavior and the effects of nutrition education for sodium reduction according to the stages of behavioral change in sodium reduction of male adult subjects in Gwangju·Jeonnam regions
Young Ran Heo,1 Hyun Young Oh,2 and Hee Kyong Ro3
1Division of Food and Nutrition, Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.
2Graduate School of Dongshin University, Naju 58245, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Dongshin University, Naju 58245, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-061-330-3220, Email: hkro@dsu.ac.kr
Received August 22, 2017; Revised August 28, 2017; Accepted September 05, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study examined the dietary behavior and the effects of nutrition education according to the stages of behavioral changes in sodium reduction of healthy male adults (20~69 years) in Gwangju·Chonnam Regions.

Methods

The research subjects were 200 male adults.

Results

A significantly higher mean age was observed in the stage of Action·Maintenance (A·M) than in the stage of Precontemplation (PC) and stage of Contemplation·Preparation (C·P). Significant differences in the frequency of exercise, eating out, and preference for salty food, intake frequency of Udon, Ramen and Sundae according to the stages of behavior change in sodium reduction were observed. The dietary behavior scores and intake frequency-related dietary behavior scores of A·M were significantly higher than PC and C·P. Nutrition education for sodium reduction improved the dietary behavior score significantly in PC and C·P, as well as the rate of correct answers of sodium-related nutrition knowledge in all stages. After the nutrition education, PC decreased greatly, and A·M increased.

Conclusion

Subjects in PC and C·P had an undesirable propensity in dietary behavior, and nutrition knowledge compared to A·M, but the nutrition education for sodium reduction greatly improved their dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge.

Keywords: sodium; stages of behavior change; nutrition education; dietary behavior; nutrition knowledge

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics according to the stages of sodium reduction behavior N (%)
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Table 2
Anthropometric characteristics according to the stages of sodium reduction behavior
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Table 3
Preference of salty food according to the stages of sodium reduction behavior N (%)
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Table 4
Intake frequency of high sodium food according to the stages of sodium reduction behavior N (%)
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Table 5
Dietary behavior scores and effects of nutrition education for reducing sodium intake according to the stage of change for reducing sodium intake
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Table 6
Food intake frequency related dietary behavior characteristics and effects of nutrition education for reducing sodium intake according to the stage of change for reducing sodium intake
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Table 7
Nutrition knowledge scores and effects of nutrition education for reducing sodium intake according to the stage of change for reducing sodium intake
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Table 8
Changes in the distribution of behavior stages after the nutrition education according to the stages of sodium reduction behavior N (%)
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Notes

This research was supported by the Dongshin University research grants.

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