Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.50(5) > 1081522

J Nutr Health. 2017 Oct;50(5):460-471. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2017.50.5.460
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society
Intake-related factors and educational needs regarding energy drinks in female high school students in the Incheon area
So Hyun Park,1 Seon Hwa Lee,2 and Kyung Ja Chang1,2
1Department of Food and Nutrition, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea.
2Majors in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-32-860-8126, Email: kjchang@inha.ac.kr
Received June 09, 2017; Revised June 19, 2017; Accepted August 11, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate intake-related factors of energy drinks and educational needs regarding energy drinks in female high school students.

Methods

Subjects were 340 female high school students in Incheon, and data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 20.0 program.

Results

Subjects who had drunk energy drinks were 74.3% (249 subjects) of all subjects. The first time they drank an energy drink was significantly associated with grade (p < 0.05). In 75.1% of 249 subjects who had drunk energy drinks, the places for buying energy drinks were supermarkets and convenience stores near their homes. For the effects of energy drink intake, sleeplessness (44.6%) and no effect (41.7%) were cited, and 24.5% experienced side effects such as palpitation, tremors, etc. The scores for self-diagnosis of caffeine addiction were significantly higher in the low weight group compared to the overweight group (p < 0.05). The degree of caffeine addiction was significantly associated with effects of energy drink intake (p < 0.001) and type of side effects (p < 0.001). Willingness to stop consuming energy drinks (p < 0.001) and necessity of nutrition education about energy drinks (p < 0.05) were significantly lower in the caffeine addiction group compared to the general group. About 75.0% of subjects wanted to be educated about the side effects of energy drinks and caffeine.

Conclusion

This study shows that female high school students need proper education about the effects of intake of energy drinks. Therefore, guidelines and a nutrition education program right intake of energy drinks should be provided as well as campaigns concerning the side effects of energy drinks and caffeine in female high school students.

Keywords: energy drink; female high school student; intake-related factors; caffeine addiction; educational needs

Figures


Fig. 1
The needs for nutrition education contents on right intake of energy drinks
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Tables


Table 1
General characteristics, anthropometric data and lifestyle of the subjects
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Table 2
Recognition and intake experience on energy drinks according to grade and BMI
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Table 3
Intake behaviors and side effects of energy drinks according to grade and BMI
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Table 4
Self-diagnosis on caffeine addiction according to grade and BMI
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Table 5
General characteristics, anthropometric data and lifestyle of the subjects who had drunk energy drinks according to scores of caffeine addiction
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Table 6
Intake behaviors and side-effects of energy drinks of the subjects who had drunk energy drinks according to risk level of caffeine addiction
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Table 7
Nutrition education on energy drinks intake of the subjects who had drunk energy drinks according to grade, BMI, and degree of caffeine addiction
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