Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.50(5) > 1081521

J Nutr Health. 2017 Oct;50(5):447-459. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2017.50.5.447
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society
Relationship between dairy products, fish and shellfish intake and metabolic syndrome risk factors in prediabetes: based on the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-3) 2015
Jeong Seop Park,1 and Kyoung Yun Kim2
1Department of Foodservice & Culinary Management, Kyonggi University, Seoul 03746, Korea.
2Sun-Han Hospital, Gwangju 61917, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-62-466-1960, Email: kimkyjs0906@gmail.com
Received June 30, 2017; Revised July 17, 2017; Accepted August 31, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of inter-connected metabolic disorders involving the glucose metabolism, dyslipidaemia, high blood pressure, and abdominal obesity. The worldwide prevalence has been rapidly increasing to approximately 20~25%, and the prevalence in Korea as of 2012 was reported to be 31.3%. The association of MetS with various diseases needs to be analyzed by conducting an investigation of frequently consumed foods, such as dairy products, fish, and shellfish in prediabetic subjects.

Methods

The dietary intake of subjects who met the criteria of the study from January to December 2015 was assessed using the 24-hour recall method. After adjusting the age, sex, BMI, and total energy intake, which are confounding factors that may affect the dietary intake of the subjects, the associations of dairy products, fish, and shellfish intake with the MetS risk factors was analyzed.

Results

In prediabetes, the intake of subjects who consumed more than the dairy products median (187.0 g) and the elevation risk of TC [OR, 2.369; 95% CI, 1.057 to 5.312] showed a significant positive association. In prediabetes, the intake of subjects who consumed more than the fish and shellfish median (44.0 g) and the elevation risk of BP showed a significantly weak negative association [OR, 0.073; 95% CI, 0.010 to 0.520]. The probability that the blood LDL cholesterol was ≥ 100 mg/dL decreased 0.397 times [95% CI, 0.189 to 0.832].

Conclusion

To control the metabolic risk factors of pre-diabetic and vascular disease subjects, proper dairy, fish and shellfish intake will be important.

Keywords: prediabetes; dairy intake; fish intake; blood pressure; cholesterol

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of subjects
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Table 2
Subjects characteristics according to dairy intakes and the presence of prediabetes
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Table 3
Subjects characteristics according to dietary fish, shellfish intakes and the presence of prediabetes
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Table 4
Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the metabolic syndrome risk factors according to dairy product intake in subjects (n = 759)
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Table 5
Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the metabolic syndrome risk factors according to fish and shellfish intakes in subjects (n = 1,520)
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