Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.50(4) > 1081509

J Nutr Health. 2017 Aug;50(4):325-335. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2017.50.4.325
© 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society
Consumption behaviors of sugar-sweetened beverages and blood lipid profiles according to food-related lifestyles of adults in Incheon
Song Hee Kim, So Hyun Park and Kyung Ja Chang
Department of Food and Nutrition, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-32-860-8126, Email: kjchang@inha.ac.kr
Received May 10, 2017; Revised June 09, 2017; Accepted August 11, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate the consumption behaviors of sugar-sweetened beverages and blood lipid profiles according to food-related lifestyles of adults in Incheon.

Methods

Subjects were recruited from 19 to 64 year old adults residing in Incheon who visited for the purpose of a health examination at D hospital. A total of 110 subjects consented to participate in this study and to allow their health examination records to be used at D hospital. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and anthropometric data, and blood lipid profiles were collected from health examination records. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 20.0 program.

Results

In the factor analysis, food-related lifestyles were categorized into four factors: planned purchase seeking, taste seeking, well-being seeking, and convenience seeking. Using the K-average clustering method, food-related lifestyles of subjects were categorized into two groups: health and rationality-oriented group (HRG) and convenience purchase-oriented group (CPG). Average total scores of sugar-related nutrition knowledge in the HRG were significantly higher compared to the CPG, and average scores of consumption habits regarding sugar-containing foods in the HRG were significantly lower compared to the HRG. When subjects chose sugar-sweetened beverages, the CPG showed a significantly higher frequency of checking food labeling and considering nutrition compared to the CPG. Drinking frequency of carbonated beverages in the CPG was significantly higher compared to the HRG.

Conclusion

There were significant differences in sugar-related nutrition knowledge and consumption habits of sugar-sweetened beverages between the two food-related lifestyle groups. These results could be useful for establishing guidelines for reducing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. In addition, it is necessary to continue sugar-related nutrition education by considering the food-related lifestyles of adults.

Keywords: food-related lifestyle; sugar-sweetened beverage; sugar-related nutrition knowledge; consumption behaviors; blood lipid profiles

Figures


Fig. 1
Selection attributes for sugar-sweetened beverages of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles. **p < 0.01 by Student t-test.
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Tables


Table 1
Factor and reliability analysis of subjects' food-related lifestyles
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Table 2
Result of cluster analysis according to food-related lifestyles
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Table 3
General characteristics and anthropometric data of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles
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Table 4
Blood lipid levels of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles
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Table 5
Nutrition knowledge of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles
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Table 6
Consumption habits regarding sugar-containing food of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles
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Table 7
Consumption behaviors of sugar-sweetened beverages of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles
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Table 8
Frequency of sugar-sweetened beverages intake of cluster types according to food-related lifestyles
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