Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(5) > 1081459

J Nutr Health. 2016 Oct;49(5):358-366. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2016.
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Food intake and nutritional status of female marriage immigrants residing in Gwangju, Korea
Eun Ju Yang and Jin Mo Khil
Department of Food and Nutrition, Honam University, Gwangju 62399, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: 82-62-940-5412, Email:
Received September 26, 2016; Revised October 08, 2016; Accepted October 11, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of female marriage immigrants attending Korean language class in Gwangju, Korea by analyzing daily food and nutrient intake.


Eighty-three female immigrants completed a survey. Anthropometric measurements were obtained, and dietary food intake was assessed using a 1-day 24 hour recall method.


The average length of residence in Korea was 5.3 years, and mean age of subjects was 31.0 years old. The home countries of subjects were Vietnam (50.6%), China (24.1%), Philippines (13.3%), and others (12%). Due to the length of residence, there were significant differences in body weight (p < 0.05), BMI (p < 0.05), percent body fat (p < 0.05), and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05). The subjects who were 30~49 years old consumed more vegetables and less seaweed than the subjects who were 20~29 years old. The other kinds of consumed foods were similar among groups in different age groups or lengths of residence in Korea. Average energy intake of subjects was 1,641.0 Kcal. The group with less than 5 years of residence showed higher cholesterol intake than the group with 5 or more years of residence in Korea (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in nutrient intake between the groups of different age or length of residence. There was a positive association among dietary cholesterol intake and consumption of eggs, milk. and dairy products, and blood pressure.


The study shows that length of residence affects rate of obesity and nutritional status. Further extensive research is needed to understand the effect of dietary changes and nutritional status of female marriage immigrants as well as for their successful adaptation to develop a more active and long-term nutrition education program.

Keywords: female marriage immigrants; food intake; nutritional status; length of residence


Table 1
General characteristics of female marriage immigrants (n = 83)
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Table 2
Anthropometric data of female marriage immigrants
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Table 3
Daily Food intake according to age and the length of residence of female marriage immigrants (g)
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Table 4
Daily nutrient intake according to age and the length of residence of female marriage immigrants
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Table 5
Prevalence of nutrition deficiency, diseases, obesity, and dietary change of female marriage immigrants
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Table 6
Multiple regression model for association among immigrants' characteristics and food intake
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This work was supported by grants from Honam University.

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