Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(5) > 1081456

J Nutr Health. 2016 Oct;49(5):323-334. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2016.49.5.323
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Estimated macronutrients and antioxidant vitamins intake according to Hansik consumption rate among Korean adults: Based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007~2012
Seong-Ah Kim,1 Shinyoung Jun,2 Eunju Hong,3 and Hyojee Joung1,2
1Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.
2Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.
3Department of Economics and Finance, Hanyang Cyber University, Seoul 04763, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-880-2781, Email: hjjoung@snu.ac.kr
Received August 26, 2016; Revised September 02, 2016; Accepted September 19, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to estimate intakes of macronutrients and antioxidant vitamins according to the Hansik consumption rate among Korean adults.

Methods

Using data from the 2007~2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a total of 33,069 subjects aged over 19 years old were included in this study. We estimated individual daily Hansik consumption rates and intakes of macronutrients and antioxidant vitamins, including vitamin A and its subgroup such as retinol, α-carotene, β-carotene, and β-cryptoxanthin, vitamin C, and vitamin E, by linking food consumption data with the nutrient and antioxidant vitamin database of commonly consumed foods.

Results

Around 75% of subjects consumed Hansik in over 75% of their daily total consumed food. The most frequently consumed Hansik was cabbage kimchi (1.57 times/day), followed by multigrain rice (0.86 times/day) and white rice (0.80 times/day). The household income level and education level was inversely associated with the Hansik consumption rate. There was a positive relationship between Hansik consumption rate and vitamin A, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, and vitamin C intakes. On the other hand, Hansik consumption rate was inversely associated with energy and fat intake.

Conclusion

The results of this study suggest that Hansik consumption could provide more antioxidant vitamins and less energy and fat. Thus, further research will be needed to analyze the association between Hansik and health effects.

Keywords: Hansik; nutrients intake; antioxidant vitamins; KNHANES

Tables


Table 1
Most frequently consumed Hansik foods and non-Hansik foods of the study population
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Table 2
General characteristics of the study population according to the Hansik consumption rate
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Table 3
Nutrients intake according to the Hansik consumption rate
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Table 4
Nutrients intake of Q1 versus Q4 of Hansik consumption rate by sex
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Table 5
Nutrients intake of Q1 versus Q4 of Hansik consumption rate by age group
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Table 6
Nutrients intake of Q1 versus Q4 of Hansik consumption rate by household income level
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Table 7
Food group intake according to the Hansik consumption rate
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Notes

This work was carried out with the support of 'Research Program for Agricultural Science and Technology Development', National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration (Project No. PJ011637022016).

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