Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(5) > 1081455

J Nutr Health. 2016 Oct;49(5):313-322. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2016.
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Food and nutrient intake status of Korean elderly by degree of cognitive function
Hye-Young Kim,1 Jung-Sug Lee,2 Jong-Chul Youn,3 and Moon-Jeong Chang2
1Department of Food & Nutrition, Yongin University, Yongin 17092, Korea.
2Department of Food & Nutrition, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea.
3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Gyeonggi Provincial Hospital for the Elderly, Yongin 17089, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-910-4776, Email:
Received March 03, 2016; Revised March 10, 2016; Accepted April 17, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was conducted to examine the relationship among cognitive function, nutrition screening initiative (NSI) score, and food intake status.


A total of 409 subjects aged over 60 years were recruited from the Yongin dementia prevention and control center. Mini Mental State Examination Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS) method was used to assess the cognitive function of the subjects. Information on health related behaviors and food intake was collected by face to face interview using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaires included the NSI DETERMINE checklist, food intake sheets by 24 hr recall method and by semi-quantified food frequency questionnaire.


Subjects were divided into low cognitive or normal groups according to the MMSE-DS result. The prevalence of low cognitive function in the subjects was 25.7%. The low cognitive group exercised less and had higher nutritional health risk than the normal group. The low cognitive group had lower consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acid and higher tendency of thiamin, riboflavin, and iron deficiency. The low cognitive group had less frequency of eating mackerel, pepper, tangerine, and watermelon and higher frequency of eating white rice and cookies than the normal group.


The results of this study imply that the cognitive function of elderly is related to exercise behavior, nutritional health risk, and food and nutrient intake status.

Keywords: cognitive function; exercise; nutritional health risk; food and nutrient intake


Table 1
General characteristics of subjects
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Table 2
NSI (nutrition screening initiative) DETERMINE checklist score
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Table 3
Nutrient intake status by 24 hr food record
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Table 4
Number (%) of subjects consuming less than the EAR or AI intake by MMSE groups
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Table 5
Intake of food items per day by food frequency questionnaire (Times/day)
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This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Planning & Evaluation for Technology (IPET)'s Globalization of Korean Foods Project.

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