Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(5) > 1081454

J Nutr Health. 2016 Oct;49(5):304-312. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2016.49.5.304
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Relationship between fruit and fish intakes and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Korean women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Based on the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
Ji Soo Oh,1 Hyesook Kim,1 Ki Nam Kim,2 and Namsoo Chang1
1Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.
2Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Daejeon University, Daejeon 34520, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-3277-4426, Email: nschang@ewha.ac.kr
Received July 25, 2016; Revised August 16, 2016; Accepted September 20, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between food intakes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Korean women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

The data were collected from the 2007~2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). In this study, subjects were divided into two groups, the normal fasting glucose (NFG) group (n = 7,738) and the T2DM group (n = 225). Dietary intake was derived from the nutrition survey, which was collected by trained dietitians using 24-hour dietary recall through the face-to-face interview method in the sample person's home.

Results

After adjustment for confounding factors, mean fruit (p = 0.0265), fruit and vegetable without kimchi (p = 0.0295), and fish (p = 0.0112) intakes were significantly lower in the T2DM group than in the NFG group. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, odds ratio (OR) for risk of high systolic blood pressure (≥ 140 mmHg) was lower in the over the median compared to under the median for fruit intakes (OR; 0.657, 95% CI; 0.523~0.824). The OR for the risk of hypertriglyceridemia was lower in the over the median compared to under the median for fruit and vegetable without kimchi (OR; 0.828, 95% CI; 0.7111~0.963) and fish (OR; 0.783, 95% CI; 0.673~0.910) intakes.

Conclusion

These results show that intakes of fruits, fish, and fruits and vegetables without kimchi have beneficial effects on CVD in Korean women with T2DM.

Keywords: cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors; type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); diet intake

Tables


Table 1
Characteristics and dietary intake for the female subjects aged 30 years and over, KNHANES 2007~20121)
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Table 2
Association between food intakes and CVD risk factors in the female subjects aged 30 years and over, KNHANES 2007~2012 (n = 7,963)
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Table 3
Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of CVD risk factors and food intakes in the female subjects aged 30 years and over, KNHANES 2007~2012 (n = 7,963)1)
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Table 4
Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of CVD risk factors and fruits and fishes (FF) intakes in the female subjects aged 30 years and over, KNHANES 2007~2012 (n = 7,963)
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Table 5
Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of CVD risk factors and fruits and fishes and vegetables without kimchi (FFV) intakes in the female subjects aged 30 years and over, KNHANES 2007~2012 (n = 7,963)
Click for larger image

Notes

This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2013R1A1A2011544).

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