Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(1) > 1081451

J Nutr Health. 2016 Feb;49(1):28-35. Korean.
Published online February 29, 2016.
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Relationship of vitamin D status and obesity index in Korean women
Ji-Young Park,1 and Young-Ran Heo1,2
1Division of Food and Nutrition, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.
2Research Institute for Human Ecology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-62-530-1338, Email:
Received February 02, 2016; Revised February 19, 2016; Accepted February 21, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



Vitamin D status is associated with several chronic diseases related to obesity. In this study, we evaluate the nutritional status of vitamin D and its relation to obesity indices in Korean women.


A total of 156 healthy women participated. Vitamin D status (serum 25-OH-vitamin D3 level) and obesity indices (body mass index, body fat mass, waist-hip ratio, and body fat percentage etc.) and serum lipid profiles and serum adipokine (leptin and adiponectin) levels were analyzed.


The 25(OH)D3 level showed an extremely skewed distribution from 4.1 ng/ml to 24.4 ng/ml and mean 25(OH)D3 level was 9.0 ± 4.0 ng/ml. With cut-off level for vitamin D deficiency (< 12.0 ng/ml), insufficiency (12-19.9 ng/ml) and sufficiency (≥ 20 ng/ml), 77.6%, 19.2%, and 3.2% of subjects showed vitamin D deficiency, insufficiency, and sufficiency status, respectively. The 25(OH)D3 level showed positive correlation with weight (r = 0.2461, p < 0.01), body mass index (r = 0.2913, p < 0.001), body fat contents (r = 0.1691, p < 0.05), fat free mass (r = 0.2330, p < 0.01), and waist hip ratio (r = 0.1749, p < 0.05) after adjusted by age. The 25(OH)D3 level showed no significant correlation with serum lipid profiles and adipokine levels.


Most subjects (76.6%) in this study, who had a vitamin D deficient status and serum 25(OH)D3 level, showed positive correlation with several obesity indices, however further research based on a large Korean population is needed to confirm the relationship.

Keywords: vitamin D; obesity; 25(OH)D3; body fat; deficiency


Fig. 1
Serum 25(OH)D3 levels by general characteristics. Symbol with different superscripts are significantly different by ANOVA with post hoc test of Scheffe's method (p < 0.05).
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Table 1
Anthropometric and biochemical characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Vitamin D status of the subjects
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Table 3
Correlation of serum 25(OH)D3 levels with anthrophometric and biochemical parameters
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