Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(3) > 1081439

J Nutr Health. 2016 Jun;49(3):179-188. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2016.49.3.179
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Dietary behaviors of female marriage immigrants residing in Gwangju, Korea
Eun Ju Yang
Department of Food and Nutrition, Honam University, Gwangju 62399, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-62-940-5414, Email: ejyang@honam.ac.kr
Received May 27, 2016; Revised June 10, 2016; Accepted June 11, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This cross-sectional study aimed to document the dietary behaviors, dietary changes, and health status of female marriage immigrants residing in Gwangju, Korea.

Methods

The survey included 92 female immigrants attending Korean language class at a multi-cultural family support center. General characteristics, health status, anthropometric data, dietary behaviors, and dietary changes were collected.

Results

Mean age of subjects was 31.3 years, and home countries of subjects were Vietnam (50.0%), China (26.0%), Philippines (12.0%), and others (12.0%). Frequently reported chronic diseases were digestive diseases (13.2%), anemia (12.1%), and neuropsychiatry disorder (8.9%). Seventeen percent of the subjects was obese (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2). Dietary score by Mini Dietary Assessment was 3.45 out of 5 points. Dietary scores for dairy foods, meat/fish/egg/bean intake, meal regularity, and food variety were low, and those for fried foods and high fat meat intake were also low. Thirty-three percent of subjects answered that they have changed their diet and increased their consumption of fruits and vegetables after immigration. Length of residence in Korea was positively associated with BMI and waist circumference. Length of residence tends to be positively associated with dietary changes and obesity as well as inversely associated with disease prevalence.

Conclusion

The study shows that length of residence is inversely related to disease prevalence. However, this association is thought to be due to the relatively short period of residence in Korea and thus the transitional phase to adapting to dietary practices. As the length of residence increases, disease patterns related to obesity are subject to change. Healthy dietary behaviors and adaptation to dietary practices in Korea in female marriage immigrants will not only benefit individuals but also their families and social structure. Therefore, varied, long-term, and target-specific studies on female marriage immigrants are highly needed.

Keywords: female marriage immigrants; dietary behaviors; dietary changes; disease prevalence; obesity

Figures


Fig. 1
Dietary change, prevalence of obesity and disease by the length of residence in Korea
1) % 2) Chi-square test

* p < 0.05

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Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of female marriage immigrants
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Table 2
Self-reported health status of female marriage immigrants (n = 92)
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Table 3
Anthropometric data of female marriage immigrants
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Table 4
Food choice and dietary behaviors of female marriage immigrants (n = 92)
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Table 5
Changes in Mini Dietary Assessment (MDA) scores (n = 92)
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Table 6
Dietary changes after immigration (n = 92)
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Table 7
Regression model for association between immigrants' characteristics
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Notes

This work was supported by grants from Honam University.

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