Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(2) > 1081434

J Nutr Health. 2016 Apr;49(2):125-133. Korean.
Published online April 30, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2016.49.2.125
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Nutrient intakes and frequently consumed foods among Korean adults according to the intake frequency of Baechu (Chinese cabbage) kimchi: Based on the 2012~2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Ae-Wha Ha and Se-Young Ju
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Dankook University, Yongin 16890, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-31-8005-3189, Email: Ju_seyoung@yahoo.com
Received February 04, 2016; Revised February 22, 2016; Accepted February 25, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze nutrient intake and frequently consumed foods according to the intake frequency of Baechu (Chinese cabbage) kimchi by Korean adults.

Methods

Data from analysis of 7,122 subjects aged 19~64 years from 2012, 2013 KNHANES were obtained from health behavior interviews and the 24-hour dietary recall method.

Results

With the daily intake frequency of Baechu kimchi, subjects with two times a day were the highest proportion among total subjects. As Baechu kimchi intake frequency of breakfast, lunch, and dinner increased, the rate of skipping meals decreased significantly (p < 0.05). In addition, all food intake and daily nutrient intake increased significantly with increasing frequency of daily Baechu kimchi intake (Crude p for trend < 0.05, Adjusted p for trend < 0.05). With the frequently consumed foods by daily Baechu kimchi intake frequency in 2012 and 2013, among 509 foods top ranked foods were white rice, Baechu kimchi, beer, distilled alcoholic drink, milk, and pork.

Conclusion

The results of this study could be used in the future to promote consumption of kimchi in the Korean population.

Keywords: kimchi; FFQ; nutrient intake; frequently consumed food; KNHANES

Tables


Table 1
The conversion of food intake frequency
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Table 2
General characteristics and Dietary pattern of subjects
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Table 3
Intake frequency of daily Baechu kimchi by year
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Table 4
Comparison of general characteristics and dietary pattern according to intake frequency of Baechu kimchi
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Table 5
Total foods and nutrients intake of subjects by Baechu kimchi consumption
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Table 6
Frequently consumed food intake of subjects by intake frequency of Baechu kimchi
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Notes

This work was supported by the World Institute of Kimchi.

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