Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.48(6) > 1081420

Bae and Yeon: A Study on nutritional status and dietary quality according to carbonated drink consumption in male adolescents: Based on 2007~2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to evaluate nutrition intake and diet quality according to carbonated drink consumption in male adolescents (middle-school students = 480, high-school students = 417).

Methods

We analyzed data from the combined 2007~2009 KNHANES (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). Subjects were divided into two groups, the LCDI (low carbonated drink intake (< 1 time/week), n = 362) group and the HCDI (high carbonated drink intake (≥ 1 time/week), n = 535) group, according to carbonated beverage consumption. Nutrient and food group intake, NAR (nutrient adequacy ratio), and MAR (mean adequacy ratio) were analyzed using data from the 24-recall method.

Results

Intake of plant protein, vitamin C, plant calcium, phosphorous, and potassium was significantly lower in the HCDI group, compared with the LCDI group. Percent of RNI (recommended nutrient intake) of vitamin C and phosphorous was significantly lower in the HCDI group, compared with the LCDI group. Percentage of subjects who consumed under EAR (estimated average requirement) of protein and vitamin C was significantly higher in the HCDI group, compared with the LCDI group. The NAR of phosphorous was significantly lower in the HCDI group, compared with the LCDI group. Food intakes from potato and starches, pulses and vegetables were significantly lower in the HCDI group, compared with the LCDI group.

Conclusion

Consumption of carbonated drinks decreased the diet quality, including calcium, potassium, protein, and vitamin C. Therefore, nutrition education relating to consumption of carbonated drinks is required for male adolescents in order to maintain healthy dietary habits.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General characteristics of the subjects

jnh-48-488-i001

1) Mean ± SE

All variables have been age-adjusted excepted age.

Table 2

Dietary habits of the subjects

jnh-48-488-i002

1) %

Table 3

Energy and nutrients intakes of the subjects

jnh-48-488-i003

1) Mean ± SE

All variables were adjusted for age, house income, education levels of mother and the presence or absence of mother occupation.

Table 4

The percent of RNI1) of the subjects

jnh-48-488-i004

1) Recommended nutrient intake 2) Estimated energy requirement 3) Mean ± SE

All variables were adjusted for age, house income, education levels of mother and the presence or absence of mother occupation.

Table 5

The percent of the subjects consumed under EAR1) of the subjects

jnh-48-488-i005

1) Estimated average requirement 2) Estimated energy requirement 3) %

Table 6

Nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) and mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of the subjects

jnh-48-488-i006

1) Mean ± SE

All variables were adjusted for age, house income, education levels of mother and the presence or absence of mother occupation.

Table 7

Food intakes from each food group in subjects

jnh-48-488-i007

1) Mean ± SE

All variables were adjusted for age, house income, education levels of mother and the presence or absence of mother occupation.

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