Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.48(5) > 1081412

J Nutr Health. 2015 Oct;48(5):429-440. Korean.
Published online October 30, 2015.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2015.48.5.429
© 2015 The Korean Nutrition Society
Nutrition knowledge, eating attitudes, nutrition behavior, self-efficacy of childcare center foodservice employees by stages of behavioral change in reducing sodium intake
Yun Ahn,1 Kyung Won Kim,2 Kyungmin Kim,3 Jinwon Pyun,4 Ikhyun Yeo,1 and Kisun Nam1
1Division of Diet Research, Institute of Food and Culture, Pulmuone Co., Ltd., Seoul 03722, Korea.
2Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul Women's University, Seoul 01797, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Baewha Women's University, Seoul 03039, Korea.
4Department of Food and Nutrition, Suwon Women's University, Gyeonggi 16632, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-3277-8516, Email: ksnama@pulmuone.com
Received April 08, 2015; Revised April 22, 2015; Accepted October 07, 2015.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine sodium-related nutrition knowledge, eating attitudes, eating behaviors, and self-efficacy by stages of behavioral change in reducing sodium intake among childcare center foodservice employees.

Methods

Subjects (n = 333) were categorized according to two groups based on the stages of change; Pre-action stage (PA group: precontemplation/contemplation/preparation stage), Action stage (A group: action/maintenance stage).

Results

A major source of sodium-related nutrition information was TV/radio (56.6%) and only 166 people (49.8%) have experienced nutrition education specific to sodium. Although the A group showed slightly higher scores for nutrition knowledge than the PA group, the difference was not significant. The percentages of correct answers for 'daily goal of sodium intake for adults (27.0%)', 'calculation of sodium content in nutrition labeling (30.3%)' were low for both groups. The A group (total score: 40.3) had more desirable eating attitudes regarding reducing sodium intake than the PA group (36.6, p < 0.001). The total score for eating behaviors was slightly higher in the A group (49.6) than in the PA group (48.5), but without statistical significance. The A group (total score: 58.2) also received higher scores for self-efficacy regarding reducing sodium intake than the PA group (52.5, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

This study suggests that nutrition education for childcare center foodservice employees should be expanded and customized education should be implemented according to the stages in reducing sodium intake. It is also suggested that food companies make efforts to develop low-sodium products.

Keywords: sodium reduction; stages of change; nutrition knowledge; eating attitudes; self-efficacy

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Nutrition knowledge regarding sodium
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Table 3
Eating attitudes regarding reducing sodium intake
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Table 4
Eating behaviors
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Table 5
Self-efficacy regarding reducing sodium intake
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Table 6
Pearson correlation coefficient among variables
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