Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.48(3) > 1081396

J Nutr Health. 2015 Jun;48(3):289-297. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2015.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2015.48.3.289
© 2015 The Korean Nutrition Society
Analysis of the Importance-Performance Related service management and feeding practices of teachers at mealtime in childcare centers
Yoonjae Yeoh,1,2 and Sooyoun Kwon3
1Geumcheon Center for Children's Foodservice Management, Seoul 153-856, Korea.
2Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Honam University, Gwangju 506-714, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-62-940-5428, Email: soonara@honam.ac.kr
Received January 14, 2015; Revised March 08, 2015; Accepted April 07, 2015.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted in order to determine the difference of Importance and Performance Related service management and feeding practices of teachers at mealtime in childcare centers.

Methods

In December, 2013, questionnaires were completed by teachers working at childcare centers in Geumcheon-gu, Seoul. A total of 179 teachers responded to questions regarding perceived importance and degree of performing related service management and feeding practices at mealtime in childcare centers. Factor analysis and Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) were used.

Results

Four factors including 11 items were represented by factor analysis: 'Personal hygiene management', 'Feeding practice', 'Food material management', and 'Service at serving foods'. For 'Personal hygiene management', scores for perception on importance and performance were 4.42 and 3.84 points of 5 that were the lowest among factors. As a result of IPA, teachers were aware of the importance and performed well, 'Encouraging and praising children's eating habits at mealtime', 'Giving thanks before and after a meal', and 'Sitting and eating with children at mealtime' belonged to 'Feeding practice'; whereas they were not aware of the importance and performed insufficiently, 'Wearing the hygiene hat for serving foods', 'Wearing disposable gloves for serving foods', and 'Wearing the apron for serving foods' belonged to 'Personal hygiene management'.

Conclusion

For children's health and safety in foodservice at childcare centers, personal hygiene management is very important when cooking as well as serving food. The results suggest that education targeting personal hygiene management is necessary for management of hygiene by teachers while serving food in childcare centers. In addition, guidelines on service management and feeding practice are needed for teachers working at childcare centers.

Keywords: childcare center; children; serving foods; feeding practice; Importance-Performance Analysis

Figures


Fig. 1
Importance-Performance Analysis grid
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Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of childcare centers and respondents
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Table 2
Factor analysis of service management and feeding practices of teachers at mealtime in childcare centers (n = 179)
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Table 3
Perception1) on importance of service management and feeding practices of teachers at mealtime in childcare centers
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Table 4
Perception on performance of service management and feeding practices of teachers at mealtime in childcare centers
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Table 5
Comparison of importance and performance of service management and feeding practices of teachers at mealtime in childcare centers
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