Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.48(3) > 1081394

J Nutr Health. 2015 Jun;48(3):269-276. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2015.
© 2015 The Korean Nutrition Society
Vegetable and fruit intake in one person household: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010~2012)
Jeeyoo Lee and Aesun Shin
Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-740-8331, Email:
Received February 11, 2015; Revised March 04, 2015; Accepted May 11, 2015.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The aim of the current study was to compare the vegetable and fruit intake between one person households and those living with family.


The 24-hour recall data of 14,914 persons over 20 years old who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2012 were used for the final analysis. Consumption of non-salted vegetables and fruits (≥ 400 g/day), fruits (≥ 200 g/day), and kimchi (≥ 120 g/day) was compared between one person households and those living with family. Logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between potential determinants and adequate vegetable and fruit intake.


After additional adjustments for age, household income, and total energy intake, no statistically significant differences in likelihood of low intake of non-salted vegetable and fruit and kimchi were observed between one person households and those living with family. (Non-salted vegetables and fruits: odds ratio (OR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.79-1.68 for the men; OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 0.98-1.59 for women). However one person households have greater likelihood of low intake of kimchi than those living with family in women (OR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.31-2.26).


Although there were no differences in likelihood of low intake of non-salted vegetables and between individuals living alone and those living with family, women of one person households were great likelihood of low intake of kimchi compared to those living with family.

Keywords: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES); single family; vegetable and fruits; kimchi


Table 1
General characteristics of study population by family structure The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010~2012) N (%)
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Table 2
The association between non-salted vegetable and fruits intake and socicenomics status (The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010 ~ 2012))
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Table 3
The association between family structure and non-salted vegetable and fruits intake (The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010 ~ 2012))
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