Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.47(6) > 1081368

J Nutr Health. 2014 Dec;47(6):475-483. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2014.
© 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society
Comparison of the distribution and accessibility of restaurants in urban area and rural area
Seong-Ah Kim,1 Jeong-sook Choe,2 Hyojee Joung,1,3 Mi Jin Jang,3 Young Kim,2 and Sang Eun Lee4
1Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.
2National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Wanju-gun, Jeonbuk 565-851, Korea.
3Department of Public Health and Nutrition, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-741, Korea.
4Department of Foods and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-741, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: 82-63-238-3590, Email:
Received November 03, 2014; Revised November 20, 2014; Accepted November 24, 2014.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to measure accessibility and to examine distribution of restaurants in the local community.


The target area of this study was two urban areas and a rural area in a city. We collected location information on all restaurants in target areas and classified all restaurants according to Korean food restaurants and Non-Korean food restaurants. We measured restaurant density per 100 m from the residences of the study population and calculated the distance of the nearest restaurant from the residences of the subjects using the Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis method. We compared the accessibility and distribution of restaurants in urban areas with that of the rural area, and compared the accessibility and distribution of Korean restaurants with that of Non-Korean restaurants.


Restaurants in urban areas were more dense than those in the rural area, and, in urban areas, restaurants were intensively distributed around the subjects' residence. Also, there were more Non-Korean food restaurants than Korean food restaurants in urban areas, and it was opposite in the rural area.


It is important that we understood the current state of the restaurant environment in the local community using GIS analysis for the first time in the field of food environment. Further research is necessary on the association of restaurant environments and the dietary life of the population.

Keywords: restaurants; food environment; GIS; Korean food; Hansik


Fig. 1
Distribution of restaurants of urban area
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Fig. 2
Distribution of restaurants of rural area
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Fig. 3
Distribution of Korean food restaurants and Non-Korean food restaurants of urban area
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Fig. 4
Distribution of Korean food restaurants and Non-Korean food restaurants of rural area
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Table 1
Distribution of restaurants of urban and rural area
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Table 2
Distribution of the Korean food restaurants and non-Korean food restaurants by area type
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This work was carried out with the support of "Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development (Project No. PJ008995)" Rural Development Administration.

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