Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.47(6) > 1081364

J Nutr Health. 2014 Dec;47(6):443-451. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2014.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2014.47.6.443
© 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society
Menu pattern and food diversity of snack menus provided by Child Care Information Centers in Seoul
Yoonjae Yeoh,1,2 Sooyoun Kwon,3 and Youngmi Lee4
1Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.
2Geumcheon Center for Children's Foodservice Management, Seoul 153-856, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Honam University, Gwangju 506-714, Korea.
4Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University, Yongin 449-728, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-62-940-5428, Email: soonara@honam.ac.kr
Received June 09, 2014; Revised July 08, 2014; Accepted July 27, 2014.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted for analysis of menu pattern and food diversity of snack menus of child care centers in order to provide preliminary data for establishment of related guidelines for snack menus for child care centers.

Methods

Data from 630 snack menus (350 for morning snacks and 280 for afternoon snacks) of March, 2013 from 14 Child Care Information Centers in Seoul provided for child care centers were analyzed. In addition, the menu pattern and food diversity of morning snack menus were compared with those of afternoon snack menus.

Results

Differences in menu pattern and food diversity were observed between morning and afternoon snack menus. The majority of snack menus (66.8%) included two menu items and the numbers of menu items of afternoon snack menus were significantly larger than those of morning snack menus. The percentages of "Grains (G)" and "Grains (G) + Milk (D)" patterns were higher in snack menu (G: 18.9%, G+D: 17.1%). Approximately one third of snack menus were composed of only one food group. In addition, 45.6 % of all snack menus comprised milk and only 23.0% included fruits.

Conclusion

These results demonstrated the need for improvement in food composition and diversity of snack menus provided by Child Care Information Centers for child care centers. Therefore, to ensure children's intake of nutritionally balanced snacks, it will be necessary to establish more detailed guidelines for the menu pattern and food composition in snack menus for child care centers.

Keywords: snack menu; children; child care information center; food diversity; menu pattern

Tables


Table 1
Number of menu items and food·beverage combination patterns of snack menus provided by Child Care Information Center in Seoul
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Table 2
Frequency and percentage of cooked and uncooked snack menus provided by Child Care Information Center in Seoul
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Table 3
Frequency and percentage of each food group included in snack menus provided by Child Care Information Center in Seoul
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Table 4
Food group patterns and dietary diversity scores of snack menus provided by Child Care Information Center in Seoul
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Table 5
Food items of each food group included in snack menus provided by Child Care Information Center in Seoul
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Notes

This study was supported by research fund from Honam University, 2014

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