Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.47(5) > 1081354

J Nutr Health. 2014 Oct;47(5):342-350. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2014.
© 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society
Assessment of dietary behavior of Chinese children using nutrition quotient for children
Yi-Chun Huang and Hye-Young Kim
Department of Food & Nutrition Yongin University, Yongin 449-714, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: )
Received September 20, 2014; Revised October 07, 2014; Accepted October 15, 2014.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study investigated the eating behaviors of Chinese children using the Nutrition Quotient for Children (NQ-C).


The research subjects were 336 students (166 boys and 170 girls) in the 5th and 6th years at two elementary schools in Shandong Province and Jiangsu Province.


The average score of the Children's NQ was good, reaching 69.6 points. The factor scores for balance, moderation, diversity, regularity, and practice were 58.8, 84.9, 63.6, 76.1, and 73.6 points, respectively. Compared with the diagnostic cut-off points of the factors, mean balance, moderation, regularity, and practice scores were above the cut-off points, but diversity score did not meet the cut-off points. Fathers' education level showed positive correlation with the balance, regularity, and NQ scores of the students. Mothers' education level also showed positive correlation with the balance and regularity scores and mother's employment showed positive correlation with regularity score. As the exercise hours per day increased, the NQ score also increased.


The questionnaire of NQ-C developed in Korea can be used in assessment of nutrition behavior of Chinese elementary students who have similar eating patterns.

Keywords: nutrition quotient; children; dietary behavior; Chinese


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Food intake frequency of Chinese children
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Table 3
Food behavior of Chinese children
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Table 4
NQ score and factor scores of the children
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Table 5
Diagnosis by cut-off point of the factors1)
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Table 6
NQ grade of the children1)
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Table 7
NQ score and factor scores of the children by daily exercise length
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Table 8
Correlation coefficient of parent's education or employment on NQ score and factor scores of the children
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This work was supported by grants from Yongin University.

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