Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.47(4) > 1081347

J Nutr Health. 2014 Aug;47(4):277-286. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2014.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2014.47.4.277
© 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society
Effects of nutrition education on nutrition-related knowledge, dietary habits, and nutrient intakes of alcoholic patients
An Na Kim,1 and Hyeon-Sook Lim1,2
1Department of Food and Nutrition, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.
2Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-62-530-1332, Email: limhs@jnu.ac.kr
Received March 05, 2014; Revised April 10, 2014; Accepted June 26, 2014.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of nutrition-related knowledge, dietary habits, and nutrient intakes of alcoholic patients and how nutrition education affects these nutritional behaviors.

Methods

Subjects included 37 adult male alcoholic patients who were hospitalized. The nutrition education program consisted of five lessons over a five-week period. An each 80-minute nutrition education program per week was implemented for the alcoholic patients over a five-week period. Both before and after the implementation of nutrition education, their nutrition-related knowledge and dietary habits were assessed and nutrient intakes were investigated.

Results

The subjects showed drinking habits of considerably high frequency, a large quantity of alcohol consumption, and preference for soju (a liquor) over beer. They had proper weight, height, and BMI, and came from relatively poor socioeconomic backgrounds with a low-level of self-rated health status and a comparatively high rate of suffering from disease. Mean score of their nutrition-related knowledge and dietary habits was quite low. They consumed less energy, dietary fiber, vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, folic acid, Ca, and K, but more Na compared to each Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). After implementing the nutrition education, mean score of nutrition-related knowledge and dietary habits showed significant improvement. In addition, the meeting rate of each DRI of several nutrients was increased significantly, including energy, carbohydrate, dietary fiber, vitamins A, C, and B6, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, folic acid, Ca, P, K, Fe, and Zn, while that of Na decreased.

Conclusion

The findings of this study indicate that alcoholic patients had various nutritional problems, such as lack of nutrition-related knowledge, bad dietary habits, and insufficient nutrient intakes, however, these problems can be positively modified by implementation of a relatively short-term nutrition education program.

Keywords: alcoholic patient; nutrition education; nutrition-related knowledge; dietary habits; nutrient intakes

Tables


Table 1
Outline of the nutrition education program for alcoholic patients
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Table 2
Age, anthropometry, socioeconomic status, health-related condition, and drinking habits of the subjects
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Table 3
Score of the nutrition-related knowledge of the subjects
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Table 4
Score of the dietary habits of the subjects
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Table 5
Energy and nutrient intakes of the subjects
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