Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.47(3) > 1081337

J Nutr Health. 2014 Jun;47(3):193-205. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2014.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2014.47.3.193
© 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society
Evaluation of nutrient and food intake status, and dietary quality in Korean adults according to nutrition label utilization: Based on 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Yun-Jung Bae
Food and Nutrition Major, Division of Food Science and Culinary Arts, Shinhan University, Dongducheon 480-777, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-31-870-0463, Email: byj@shinhan.ac.kr
Received March 12, 2014; Revised April 25, 2014; Accepted April 28, 2014.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted in order to investigate nutrient and food intake status and dietary quality in Korean adults according to nutrition label utilization.

Methods

We analyzed data from the combined 2010-2011 KNHANES (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). The analysis included 8190 adults aged 19 to 64 years. In this study, according to nutrition label utilization, we classified the subjects according to the "non-utilization of nutrition label (NUNL)" group (male, n = 2716, female, n = 3147), "identification of nutrition label (INL)" group (male, n = 143, female, n = 330), and "Utilization of nutrition label (UNL)" group (male, n = 363, female, n = 1491). Nutrient and food group intake, NAR (nutrient ad-equacy ratio), MAR (mean adequacy ratio), and INQ (index of nutritional quality) were analyzed using data from the 24-recall method.

Results

Results of this study showed that subjects in the NUNL group were significantly more likely to drink alcohol compared with the other two groups. The NUNL group showed a significantly higher frequency of consuming in-stant noodles, Soju (male), and carbonated drink (female) than the UNL group, whereas the NUNL group showed a sig-nificantly lower frequency of consuming milk, soymilk, and yogurt than the UNL group. In addition, regarding diet quality (NAR and INQ), significantly lower vitamin B2, vitamin C, and calcium was observed in the NUNL group compared with the UNL group. For both male and female, significantly higher MAR was observed in the UNL group than in the NUNL group. The NUNL group showed significantly lower consumption of milk compared to the UNL group.

Conclusion

Good dietary practice such as referring to nutrition labels and its influence can affect the quality of nutritional intake and selection of food, while it can also provide basic data for specific nutrition education regarding use of nutrition labeling.

Keywords: nutrition label utilization; dietary quality; food and nutrient intake; adults

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics, dietary habits and lifestyles of the subjects by sex
Click for larger image


Table 2
Nutrition label use of the subjects by sex
Click for larger image


Table 3
General characteristics, dietary habits and lifestyles of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image


Table 4
Nutrient intakes of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image


Table 5
Nutrient intakes per 1000 kcal of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image


Table 6
Nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) and mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image


Table 7
Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image


Table 8
Food intakes from each food group of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image


Table 9
Food frequency in main snack of the subjects according to the nutrition label utilization
Click for larger image

References
1. Ministry of Health and Welfare (KR). Food labeling regulations. Seoul: Ministry of Health and Welfare; 1995.
2. Park HJ, Lee JS, Kim EK. Assessment of nutrition label education in sixth grade elementary school students. J Korean Diet Assoc 2010;16(3):226–238.
3. Chung EJ, Jeon JS, Ahn HS. Reading and understanding of food & nutrition labels and dietary behaviors of female middle and high school students. J Korean Diet Assoc 2010;16(3):239–254.
4. Lee KA, Lee HJ, Park E. The effect of use of nutrition labelling on knowledge and perception of nutrition labelling, and awareness of nutrition labelling usefulness with among college students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2010;39(2):253–266.
5. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Korea Health Statistics 2012: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-3). Cheongwon: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2013.
6. Satia JA, Galanko JA, Neuhouser ML. Food nutrition label use is associated with demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors and dietary intake among African Americans in North Carolina. J Am Diet Assoc 2005;105(3):392–402.
7. Ollberding NJ, Wolf RL, Contento I. Food label use and its relation to dietary intake among US adults. J Am Diet Assoc 2011;111 5 Suppl:S47–S51.
8. Stran KA, Knol LL. Determinants of food label use differ by sex. J Acad Nutr Diet 2013;113(5):673–679.
9. Drichoutis AC, Lazaridis P, Nayga RM Jr. Nutrition knowledge and consumer use of nutritional food labels. Eur Rev Agric Econ 2005;32(1):93–118.
10. Kreuter MW, Brennan LK, Scharff DP, Lukwago SN. Do nutrition label readers eat healthier diets? Behavioral correlates of adults' use of food labels. Am J Prev Med 1997;13(4):277–283.
11. Pérez-Escamilla R, Haldeman L, Gray S. Assessment of nutrition education needs in an urban school district in Connecticut: establishing priorities through research. J Am Diet Assoc 2002;102(4):559–562.
12. Neuhouser ML, Kristal AR, Patterson RE. Use of food nutrition labels is associated with lower fat intake. J Am Diet Assoc 1999;99(1):45–53.
13. Graham DJ, Laska MN. Nutrition label use partially mediates the relationship between attitude toward healthy eating and overall dietary quality among college students. J Acad Nutr Diet 2012;112(3):414–418.
14. Zarkin GA, Dean N, Mauskopf JA, Williams R. Potential health benefits of nutrition label changes. Am J Public Health 1993;83(5):717–724.
15. Yun JS, Lyu ES. Satisfaction and perception of nutrition education by elementary school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2012;41(9):1259–1264.
16. Bae YJ, Yeon JY. Dietary behaviors, processed food preferences and awareness levels of nutrition labels among female university students living in middle region by breakfast eating. J Korean Diet Assoc 2011;17(4):387–402.
17. Chung HJ, Cheon HS, Kwon KI, Kim JY, Yoo KS, Lee JH, Kim JW, Park HK, Kim SH, Hong SM. The recognition and requirement of nutrition labeling in fast-food restaurants. Korean J Nutr 2009;42(1):68–77.
18. Yoo J, Jeong HS. Consumer awareness of nutrition labelling in restaurants according to level of health consciousness. Korean J Food Nutr 2011;24(3):282–290.
19. Park S, Kim SJ, Kim B, Yoon H, Hong JM, Ahn YS, Kim JS, Han SB, Yoon Y, Joo N. Consumer awareness and institutionalization of nutrition labeling for Takju. Korean J Food Culture 2013;28(1):89–98.
20. Kim JH, Lee KT. Studies on the current status of nutrition labeling recognition and consumption pattern of domestically processed meat products. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2010;39(7):1056–1063.
21. Hansen RG. An index of food quality. Nutr Rev 1973;31(1):1–7.
22. Kristal AR, Levy L, Patterson RE, Li SS, White E. Trends in food label use associated with new nutrition labeling regulations. Am J Public Health 1998;88(8):1212–1215.
23. Macon JF, Oakland MJ, Jensen HH, Kissack PA. Food label use by older Americans: data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey 1994-96. J Nutr Elder 2004;24(1):35–52.
24. Cowburn G1, Stockley L. Consumer understanding and use of nutrition labelling: a systematic 24) review. Public Health Nutr 2005;8(1):21–28.
25. Post RE, Mainous AG 3rd, Diaz VA, Matheson EM, Everett CJ. Use of the nutrition facts label in chronic disease management: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Am Diet Assoc 2010;110(4):628–632.
26. Hawkes C. In: Nutrition labels and health claims: the global regulatory environment. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
27. Guthrie JF, Fox JJ, Cleveland LE, Welsh S. Who uses nutrition labeling, and what effects does label use have on diet quality? J Nutr Educ 1995;27(4):163–172.
28. Bonanni AE, Bonaccio M, di Castelnuovo A, de Lucia F, Costanzo S, Persichillo M, Zito F, Donati MB, de Gaetano G, Iacoviello L. Food labels use is associated with higher adherence to Mediterranean diet: results from the Moli-sani study. Nutrients 2013;5(11):4364–4379.
29. Kim M, Kim J, Yu J. Factors relating to use of food labels among adults with metabolic syndrome. Korean J Health Educ Promot 2012;29(5):1–12.
30. Ross AC, Caballero B, Cousins RJ, Tucker KL, Ziegler TR. In: Modern nutrition in health and disease. 11th Edition. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.
31. Sorenson AW, Wyse BW, Wittwer AJ, Hansen RG. An Index of Nutritional Quality for a balanced diet. New help for an old problem. J Am Diet Assoc 1976;68(3):236–242.
32. Staser KW, Zollinger TW, Saywell RM Jr, Kunapareddy S, Gibson PJ, Caine VA. Dietary behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, Marion County, Indiana, 2005. Prev Chronic Dis 2011;8(3):A66.
33. Drewnowski A, Henderson SA, Shore AB, Fischler C, Preziosi P, Hercberg S. Diet quality and dietary diversity in France: implications for the French paradox. J Am Diet Assoc 1996;96(7):663–669.