Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.46(6) > 1081322

J Nutr Health. 2013 Dec;46(6):560-572. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2013.
© 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society
Dietary habits score, nutrients intake and dietary quality related to coffee consumption of college students in Incheon
Yun Ju Lee, Jeong Soon You and Kyung Ja Chang
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: )
Received August 23, 2013; Revised October 30, 2013; Accepted December 06, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study is to investigate the food habits score, nutrients intake and dietary quality with regard to coffee consumption of college students in Incheon. The data were collected with a self-reports questionnaire with a total of 190 subjects, comprised with 101 male and 89 female college students. We classified these subjects into three groups using percentile of coffee intake to assess the nutrients intake and dietary quality. The correlations among coffee intake, food habits score, nutrients intake and dietary quality were evaluated. The average coffee intake of male and female college students were 156.8 mL and 157.4 mL, respectively. The coffee preferences with respect to specialty coffee were caramel macchiato, cafe latte, americano, cafe mocha, and cappucino in male college students, and caramel macchiato, americano, cafe mocha, cafe latte, and cappucino in female college students, in preference order. The coffee intake motivation score of the high 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake was higher than that of the low 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake in emotion motivation and utilitarian motivation. The highest scores were 'flavor and aroma' in emotion motivation, and 'prevention of sleepness' in utilitarian motivation. The average food habits score of "I often eat the natural food" was significantly higher in the low 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). There was a significantly positive correlation between coffee intake and 'I purchase the processed food after examining nutrition labels' of food habits score (r = 0.280; p < 0.01) in female college students. The energy intake of the high 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake was significantly higher in that of the moderate 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake in male college students (p < 0.05). Therefore, it may be necessary for college students to undergo a well-planned nutrition education regarding proper coffee intake, choice of coffee, energy intake related to coffee intake, and dietary habits.

Keywords: specialty coffee shop; coffee intake; dietary habits; nutrients intake; dietary quality


Fig. 1
Coffee preference by gender. 1) Etc.: espresso doppio, espresso ristretto, espresso macchiato, espresso conpanna
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Table 1
General characteristics and health-related lifestyle of the subjects
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Table 2
Anthropometric parameters
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Table 3
Coffee intake motivation by gender and group
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Table 4
Dietary habits score by gender and group according to coffee intake percentile
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Table 5
Correlation of coffee intake and dietary habits score
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Table 6
Nutrients intake by gender and group according to coffee intake percentile
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Table 7
Correlation of coffee intake and nutrients intake
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Table 8
Nutrient density (ND) by gender and group according to coffee intake percentile
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Table 9
Nutrient Adequancy Ratio (NAR) by gender and percentile group according to coffee intake
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This research was supported by grant from Inha University.

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