Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.46(6) > 1081322

J Nutr Health. 2013 Dec;46(6):560-572. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2013.46.6.560
© 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society
Dietary habits score, nutrients intake and dietary quality related to coffee consumption of college students in Incheon
Yun Ju Lee, Jeong Soon You and Kyung Ja Chang
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: kjchang@inha.ac.kr )
Received August 23, 2013; Revised October 30, 2013; Accepted December 06, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the food habits score, nutrients intake and dietary quality with regard to coffee consumption of college students in Incheon. The data were collected with a self-reports questionnaire with a total of 190 subjects, comprised with 101 male and 89 female college students. We classified these subjects into three groups using percentile of coffee intake to assess the nutrients intake and dietary quality. The correlations among coffee intake, food habits score, nutrients intake and dietary quality were evaluated. The average coffee intake of male and female college students were 156.8 mL and 157.4 mL, respectively. The coffee preferences with respect to specialty coffee were caramel macchiato, cafe latte, americano, cafe mocha, and cappucino in male college students, and caramel macchiato, americano, cafe mocha, cafe latte, and cappucino in female college students, in preference order. The coffee intake motivation score of the high 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake was higher than that of the low 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake in emotion motivation and utilitarian motivation. The highest scores were 'flavor and aroma' in emotion motivation, and 'prevention of sleepness' in utilitarian motivation. The average food habits score of "I often eat the natural food" was significantly higher in the low 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). There was a significantly positive correlation between coffee intake and 'I purchase the processed food after examining nutrition labels' of food habits score (r = 0.280; p < 0.01) in female college students. The energy intake of the high 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake was significantly higher in that of the moderate 1/3 percentile group according to coffee intake in male college students (p < 0.05). Therefore, it may be necessary for college students to undergo a well-planned nutrition education regarding proper coffee intake, choice of coffee, energy intake related to coffee intake, and dietary habits.

Keywords: specialty coffee shop; coffee intake; dietary habits; nutrients intake; dietary quality

Figures


Fig. 1
Coffee preference by gender. 1) Etc.: espresso doppio, espresso ristretto, espresso macchiato, espresso conpanna
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics and health-related lifestyle of the subjects
Click for larger image


Table 2
Anthropometric parameters
Click for larger image


Table 3
Coffee intake motivation by gender and group
Click for larger image


Table 4
Dietary habits score by gender and group according to coffee intake percentile
Click for larger image


Table 5
Correlation of coffee intake and dietary habits score
Click for larger image


Table 6
Nutrients intake by gender and group according to coffee intake percentile
Click for larger image


Table 7
Correlation of coffee intake and nutrients intake
Click for larger image


Table 8
Nutrient density (ND) by gender and group according to coffee intake percentile
Click for larger image


Table 9
Nutrient Adequancy Ratio (NAR) by gender and percentile group according to coffee intake
Click for larger image

Notes

This research was supported by grant from Inha University.

References
1. Choi MK, Lee YS. The relationships among coffee consumption, blood pressure, and serum lipids in Korean adult men and women. Korean J Food Nutr 2007;20(4):460–466.
2. Kim WS, Oh KN, Lee YH, Cho KO. Marketing strategy for service quality improvement of specialty Starbucks coffeeshop: a case study. J Foodserv Manage 2002;5(1):3–22.
3. Na YS, Kang SU. The analysis toward consumption state, import and export in the world coffee market - the case of Korea, U.S.A., Japan market -. Korean J Culinary Res 2004;10(3):65–82.
4. Dórea JG, da Costa TH. Is coffee a functional food? Br J Nutr 2005;93(6):773–782.
5. Lee SY, Kozukue N, Han JS, Cho YS. A study of recognition and preference research of coffee. Foodserv Ind J 2006;4:25–37.
6. Uto-Kondo H, Ayaori M, Ogura M, Nakaya K, Ito M, Suzuki A, Takiguchi S, Yakushiji E, Terao Y, Ozasa H, Hisada T, Sasaki M, Ohsuzu F, Ikewaki K. Coffee consumption enhances high-density lipoprotein-mediated cholesterol efflux in macrophages. Circ Res 2010;106(4):779–787.
7. van Dam RM, Willett WC, Manson JE, Hu FB. Coffee, caffeine, and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study in younger and middle-aged U.S women. Diabetes Care 2006;29(2):398–403.
8. Eskelinen MH, Kivipelto M. Caffeine as a protective factor in dementia and Alzheimer's disease. J Alzheimers Dis 2010;20 Suppl 1:S167–S174.
9. Greenberg JA, Chow G, Ziegelstein RC. Caffeinated coffee consumption, cardiovascular disease, and heart valve disease in the elderly (from the Framingham Study). Am J Cardiol 2008;102(11):1052–1058.
10. Bonnet MH, Arand DL. Caffeine use as a model of acute and chronic insomnia. Sleep 1992;15(6):526–536.
11. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Korean National health and nutrition examination survey 2010. Cheongwon: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2010.
12. Won HR. A study of the relationship between the eating attitude influenced by eating disorder and body shape, nutritional knowledge among female college students in Won Ju province. Korean J Community Nutr 1998;3(2):308–316.
13. Kang KJ. A study on food behavior to related health and daily food intakes of female dormitory students according to BMI. Korean J Soc Food Sci 2001;17(1):43–54.
14. Ha TS, Park MH, Choi YS, Cho SH. A study on beverage consumption pattern associated with food and nutrient intakes of college students. J Korean Diet Assoc 1999;5(1):21–28.
15. Park KM. A study of college students' actual conditions of using coffee shops and choice attributes - focused on Seongnam area -. Korean J Food Nutr 2010;23(1):52–62.
16. Byun GI, Lee SY, Cho WJ. Study on the importance and customer satisfaction of coffee-shop type according to the choice attributes by university students -focused on Daegu-. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 2009;19(4):503–514.
17. Choi MK, Jun YS. A study on Nutrient Intake status according to coffee intake in Korean female college students. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 1997;7(3):375–382.
18. Bae YJ, Kim MH. A study evaluating nutrient intake and diet quality in female college students according to coffee consumption. J Korean Diet Assoc 2009;15(2):128–138.
19. Yeon JY, Bae YJ, Kim MH, Jo HK, Kim EY, Lee JS, Kim MH. Evaluation of nutrient intake and bone status of female college students according to the calorie consumption from coffee containing beverage. Korean J Food Nutr 2009;22(3):430–442.
20. Lohman TG. Advances in body composition assessment. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics Books; 1992.
(Current Issues in Exercise Science Series Monograph No.3).
21. Kim JY, Ahn KM. Market segmentation based on emotional-utilitarian motivation - focused on specialty coffee shops -. Korean J Culinary Res 2010;16(5):103–117.
22. You JS, Chin JH, Kim MJ, Chang KJ. College students' dietary behavior, health-related lifestyles and nutrient intake status by physical activity levels using international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) in Incheon area. Korean J Nutr 2008;41(8):818–831.
23. Ko MS. The comparison in daily intake of nutrients and dietary habits of college students in Busan. Korean J Community Nutr 2007;12(3):259–271.
24. Song B, Cho J, Lee I, Kim M. A study of the nutritional knowledge and diet practice behavior of college students. Korean J Food Cult 2008;23(4):538–542.
25. Lee KA, Cho EJ, Yoon HS. A study on consumption of convenience foods of university students by residing types in Changwon and Masan area. J Korean Diet Assoc 2010;16(3):279–290.
26. Cho JY, Song JC. Dietary behavior, health status, and perceived stress of university students. Korean J Food Nutr 2007;20(4):476–486.
27. Ministry of Health and Welfare; Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Korea Health Statistics 2010: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-1) [Internet]. Cheongwon: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2011 [cited 2013 Aug 8].
Available from: http://kn-hanes.cdc.go.kr.
28. Hong MS, Pak HO, Sohn CY. A study on food behaviors and nutrient intakes according to Body Mass Index and body image recognition in female university students from Incheon. Korean J Food Nutr 2011;24(3):386–395.
29. Ki MO, Lee DI. Influence of perceived quality and brand image on the perceived value and loyalty in specialty coffee shop - moderating role of the consumer knowledge -. J Foodserv Manage 2008;11(3):49–72.
30. Jung YW. A study on the positioning strategy of coffee house. Korean J Hosp Adm 2006;15(1):269–289.
31. Small Enterprise Development Agency (KR). Trade area information system [Internet]. Daejeon: Small Enterprise Development Agency; 2013 [cited 2013 Aug 11].
Available from: http://sg.seda.or.kr/.
32. Korea Food & Drug Administration. Information for caffeine [Internet]. Cheongwon: Korea Food & Drug Administration; 2013 [cited 2013 Aug 22].
Available from: http://www.mfds.go.kr.
33. Kwon IB, Lee YS, Woo SK, Lee CY, Suh JG. A study on the determination of caffeine in coffee, black tea and green tea by high performance liquid chromatography. J Food Hyg Saf 1990;5(4):213–218.
34. Bray GA, Nielsen SJ, Popkin BM. Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup in beverages may play a role in the epidemic of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;79(4):537–543.
35. Malik VS, Schulze MB, Hu FB. Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84(2):274–288.
36. Lustig RH. Fructose: metabolic, hedonic, and societal parallels with ethanol. J Am Diet Assoc 2010;110(9):1307–1321.
37. Korea Food & Drug Administration. Information for sugar [Internet. Cheongwon: Korea Food & Drug Administration; 2013 [cited 2013 Aug 19].
Available from: http://www.mfds.go.kr.
38. Mosdøl A, Christensen B, Retterstøl L, Thelle DS. Induced changes in the consumption of coffee alter ad libitum dietary intake and physical activity level. Br J Nutr 2002;87(3):261–266.
39. Lim YH, Kim SH. Survey on consumption of coffee beverages and energy contribution ratios of coffee beverages and accompanying snacks by college students in Daejeon city and Chungnam province in Korea. Korean J Food Cult 2012;27(3):240–250.
40. Chung HK, Kim HY, Lee HY. The antecedents of coffee satisfaction by lifestyle segments for Korean and Chinese university students in Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 2011;16(6):782–793.
41. You JS, Park JY, Chang KJ. Correlation among dietary habits score, life stress score and health- related quality of life (HRQL) score for female college students with functional comstipation. Korean J Nutr 2010;43(6):620–627.
42. Daly LE, Kirke PN, Molloy A, Weir DG, Scott JM. Folate levels and neural tube defects. JAMA 1995;274(21):1698–1702.
43. Lashner BA, Heidenreich PA, Su GL, Kane SV, Hanauer SB. Effect of folate supplementation on the incidence of dysplasia and cancer in chronic ulcerative colitis. A case-control study. Gastroenterology 1989;97(2):255–259.
44. Lim HS, Jin HO, Lee JA. Dietary intakes and status of folate in Korean women of child-bearing potential. Korean J Nutr 2000;33(3):296–303.
45. Yeon JY, Hong SH, Bae YJ. A study on nutritional status and dietary quality of university students by body image. Korean J Community Nutr 2012;17(5):543–554.
46. Lee MS, Kwak CS. The comparison in daily intake of nutrients, quality of diets and dietary habits between male and female college students in Daejeon. Korean J Community Nutr 2006;11(1):39–51.