Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.46(6) > 1081321

J Nutr Health. 2013 Dec;46(6):552-559. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2013.
© 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society
Prevalence of vitamin · mineral supplement use and its related factors among Korean adolescents
Hyun Sook Lee,1 Ji Hye Han,2 and Sun Hyo Kim3
1Department of Food Science & Nutrition, Dongseo University, Busan 617-716, Korea.
2Department of Home Economics Education, Graduate School of Kongju National University, Gongju 314-701, Korea.
3Department of Technology and Home Economics Education, Kongju National University, Gongju 314-701, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: )
Received August 28, 2013; Revised October 07, 2013; Accepted November 09, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study is conducted in order to investigate the prevalence of vitamin·mineral (VM) supplement use and its related factors among Korean adolescents. Using a cross-sectional study design, information was obtained by questionnaires from adolescents selected by stratified sampling in large, small and middle-size cities, as well as rural areas of the whole country, followed by convenience sampling. The total number of participants in this study was 1,407 adolescents (15.2 ± 1.6 years) attending middle or high schools, chosen from various cities and rural areas in Korea. The prevalence of VM supplement use was 65.5%, and there was no significant difference between the genders. City dwellers took VM supplements more frequently than those adolescents from rural areas (p < 0.01). The VM supplement users tended to have higher family income, parents' academic background, and socioeconomic status, respectively (p < 0.001). The greater part of VM supplement users replied that they acquired their nutritional information from their parents, relatives and friends, while many nonusers replied that they did it from school classes (p < 0.05). Compared to nonusers, VM supplement users had greater 'self concern about health' (p < 0.05), 'parents' concern about child's health, growth, and nutritional intake' (p < 0.001), and 'parents' concern about child's grade point' (p < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference between users and nonusers when it came to 'self perception of body shape' or 'BMI'. In addition, users significantly had greater nutritional beliefs concerning VM supplements than nonusers (p < 0.001). These results showed that VM supplement use has been common among adolescents in Korea, and supplement use of subjects has been related with various factors. Among them, it was shown that especially parents great influence the use of VM supplements by adolescents. Thus, not only education for adolescents, but also that for parents is needed to help adolescents take VM supplements properly.

Keywords: prevalence; vitamin·mineral supplements; factors; adolescents


Table 1
General characteristics and vitamin·mineral supplement use of the subjects
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Table 2
Dietary behaviors and vitamin·mineral supplement use of the subjects
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Table 3
Health related variables and vitamin·mineral supplement use of the subjects
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Table 4
Nutritional beliefs concerning vitamin·mineral supplements of the subjects1)
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Table 5
Significant variables affecting vitamin·mineral supplement use of the subjects
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