Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.24(4) > 1058048

Park and Ko: Types of Gender Role Identity in Nursing Students: A Q Methodological Study



This study was done to identify types and characteristics of gender role identity from the perspectives of nursing students who experience challenges and maladjustments that are distinct from students in other departments because nursing students have a curriculum that includes both academic courses and clinical practice.


Q Methodology was used to examine differences in the meaning of gender role identity among individual students. Data from 40 women nursing students, using 40 Q samples representing masculinity and femininity, were collected and analyzed.


The participants' responses were classified into three types: 'Affectionate-sensitive type' represented by those who share traditional Korean feminine characteristics and are delicately sensitive. 'Affectionate-assertive type' represented by those who have strong characteristics of warm leaders, and are responsive and confident. 'Sensitive-expressive type' represented by those who are excellent in communication and have high empathic ability.


Nursing professors or counselors need to provide nursing students with guidance and counseling related to adaptation to school life, career exploration, and career choice based on the their type of gender role identity.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Characteristics of P Sample

Table 2

Descending Array of Z-score (Greater than ±1) and Item Description for Each Type



This paper was supported by research funds of Chonbuk National University in 2014.


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