Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.21(1) > 1057961

Kim: Study on Core Competencies of Community Mental Health Nurses

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to identify core competencies for community mental health nurses and investigate their perception of importance and need for training for each competency item.

Methods

Sixty-five core competency items were drawn from a literature review and content validity analysis. A survey on importance and need for training for the 65 competency items was conducted with 99 community mental health nurses.

Results

From 65 core competencies, 3 categories emerged: 1) Attitude: 9 items on values and attitudes, and 5 items on personal characteristics, 2) Knowledge: 15 items related to knowledge of signs, symptoms and maladaptive behaviors, 3) Skill: 36 items including skills of assessment, and medication management. Knowledge of signs, symptoms and maladaptive behaviors were the most important. Nine items on need for training in the attitude category were included in the upper 25% of the items. Some items show significant differences (p<.05) depending on the level of education, length of career year, and case loading

Conclusion

The results of this study suggest further research a) identifying core competency items from client and family members, b) introduce competencies that nurses can develop over time through an educational base as well as a multitude of experiences.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Set of Core Competencies for Community Mental Health Nurses (N=99)
jkapmhn-21-67-i001

LI=level of importance; LTN=level of training need.

Table 2
15 Upper and Lower Rank Competency Items
jkapmhn-21-67-i002

LI=level of importance; LTN=level of training need.

Table 3
Level of Importance and Training Need for the Competency Items according to Level of Education (N=99)
jkapmhn-21-67-i003

LI=level of importance; LTN=level of training need.

Table 4
Level of Importance and Training Need for the Competency Items according to Career Year (N=99)
jkapmhn-21-67-i004

LI=level of importance; LTN=level of training need.

Table 5
Level of Importance and Training Need for the Competency Items according to Case Loading (N=98)
jkapmhn-21-67-i005

ANOVA.

LI=level of importance; LTN=level of training need.

Notes

This work was supported by the Gachon University research grant of 2012(CGU-2012-R039).

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