Journal List > Korean J Sports Med > v.31(1) > 1054502

Korean J Sports Med. 2013 Jun;31(1):20-25. Korean.
Published online June 05, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2013.31.1.20
Copyright © 2013 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine
A Study on Video Analysis of Sports Injuries and Management in Korean Professional Football
Sang-Hoon Kim
Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea.

Correspondence: Sang-Hoon Kim. Korea National Sport University, 1239 Yangjae, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-763, Korea. Tel: +82-2-3394-5536, Fax: +82-2-416-8105, Email: sportler@hanmail.net
Received April 05, 2013; Revised May 07, 2013; Accepted May 09, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

This study describes the characteristics of injuries and high risk situation in the Korean professional soccer matches using the video analysis. Video analysis is a video based method describing incidents and injuries that may result in an injury using 19 variables and categories modified from the soccer matches. During the 2012 season K-league, video files from 60 matches in the Korean professional soccer matches were reviewed. Injuries and Incidents were recorded when the match was interrupted by the referee because of a suspected injury. As results, 201 incidents were recorded in 60 matches. The most injured body part was ankle. The majority of the injury risk incidents occurred during receiving the ball and heading. Midfielders appeared to be at greater risk than others and most incidents and injuries occurred during breakdown attacks and when a player was involved in duels. Also, improved ball handling skill (especially 1st touching the ball) may reduce the incidents and injuries.

Keywords: Soccer; Injury; Sports; Football

Figures


Fig. 1
Zone of the playing field. The defensive zone is defined as the defending third of the field (D1/3), midfield 1 is the first half of the middle third (M1), and midfield 2 is the second half of the middle third (M2). The attacking zone is the attacking third (1/3), and the score box is the zone between the prolongation of the short sides of the penalty area until the half way line between the 16 m line and the line dividing attacking and middle thirds (SB).
Click for larger image


Fig. 2
Anatomical region of sports injury.
Click for larger image


Fig. 3
(A) The results of analysis. (B) The results of analysis.
Click for larger image

References
1. Manning MR, Levy RS. Soccer. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2006;17:677–695.
2. Hagglund M, Walden M, Ekstrand J. Risk factors for lower extremity muscle injury in professional soccer: the UEFA Injury Study. Am J Sports Med 2013;41:327–335.
3. Hagglund M, Walden M, Ekstrand J. Injuries among male and female elite football players. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2009;19:819–827.
4. Vlak T, Pivalica D. Handball: the beauty or the beast. Croat Med J 2004;45:526–530.
5. Glick ID, Horsfall JL. Diagnosis and psychiatric treatment of athletes. Clin Sports Med 2005;24:771–781.
6. Kim SH. A study of reviewing a trend of Korean sports injury literatures. J Sport Leis Stud 2008;34:1029–1039.
7. Park KH, Lee J. A study on the sports injuries of the soccer club. J Korea Sport Res 2005;16:319–328.
8. Lee KH, Baek YS, Young KW, Kim NM, Kim CY, Park SR. Analysis of the injuries in professional soccer player. Korean J Sports Med 2000;18:176–180.
9. Kim CS. Sports injuries in the Korean football players. Korean J Sports Sci 2000;9:759–796.
10. Kim JS, Choi EH, Choi EK. The relationship between life stress and sport injuries for soccer players: conjunctive moderating effects of achievement goal orientation and psychological coping skills. Korean J Sports Med 1999;17:395–405.
11. Olsen E, Larsen O. Use of match analysis by coaches. In: Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Hughes M, editors. Football and science III. London: E & FN Spon; 1997. pp. 209-220.
12. Hughes M. Notational analysis. In: Reilly T, editor. Science and soccer. London: E & FN Spon; 1996. pp. 343-361.
13. Andersen TE, Larsen O, Tenga A, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Football incident analysis: a new video based method to describe injury mechanisms in professional football. Br J Sports Med 2003;37:226–232.
14. Wong P, Hong Y. Soccer injury in the lower extremities. Br J Sports Med 2005;39:473–482.
15. Dvorak J, Junge A. Football injuries and physical symptoms. A review of the literature. Am J Sports Med 2000;28:S3–S9.
16. Junge A, Engebretsen L, Mountjoy ML, et al. Sports injuries during the Summer Olympic Games 2008. Am J Sports Med 2009;37:2165–2172.
17. Weightman D, Browne RC. Injuries in eleven selected sports. Br J Sports Med 1975;9:136–141.
18. The Football Association. Rules of the Association and Laws of the Game: Season 2010-2011 [Internet]. London: The Football Association; c2012 [cited 2013 May 10].
19. Surve I, Schwellnus MP, Noakes T, Lombard C. A fivefold reduction in the incidence of recurrent ankle sprains in soccer players using the Sport-Stirrup orthosis. Am J Sports Med 1994;22:601–606.
20. Fuller CW, Junge A, Dvorak J. A six year prospective study of the incidence and causes of head and neck injuries in international football. Br J Sports Med 2005;39 Suppl 1:i3–i9.
21. Nilsson M, Hagglund M, Ekstrand J, Walden M. Head and neck injuries in professional soccer. Clin J Sport Med. 2013 Jan 23;
22. Niedfeldt MW. Head injuries, heading, and the use of headgear in soccer. Curr Sports Med Rep 2011;10:324–329.
23. Andersen TE, Tenga A, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Video analysis of injuries and incidents in Norwegian professional football. Br J Sports Med 2004;38:626–631.
24. Inklaar H. Soccer injuries. I: Incidence and severity. Sports Med 1994;18:55–73.
25. Poulsen TD, Freund KG, Madsen F, Sandvej K. Injuries in high-skilled and low-skilled soccer: a prospective study. Br J Sports Med 1991;25:151–153.