Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.20(4) > 1051762

Choi, Kim, and Kim: Effects of Empowerment and Job Satisfaction on Nursing Performance of Clinical Nurses



This study was conducted to identify factors that affect nursing performance; Those factors are personal characteristics, sub-categories of empowerment and job satisfaction of clinical nurses.


Data were collected from November 24, 2012 to March 11, 2013, and participants were 451 hospital nurses in 6 hospitals. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis.


Nurses who were older, married, highly educated, in the position of charge nurse, and with longer clinical careers showed relatively higher empowerment, higher job satisfaction, and higher nursing performance than others. Also, there were strong correlations between nursing performance and empowerment (r=.576)/job satisfaction (r=.617). Factors predicted nursing performance were relationship with coworkers (β=.398), duty (β=.181), promotion system (β=.134), and turnover intention (β=-.109). Factors predicting job satisfaction were competency of empowerment (β=.249), and clinical career (β=.151). These 6 factors explained 55.2% of the variance in nursing performance (F=93.37, <.001).


Regarding human resource management, relationship with co-workers is a changeable factor. Therefore nursing organizations should apply these factors in human resource management to enhance nursing performance and achieve organizational goals.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Comparison of Empowerment, Job Satisfaction, and Nursing Performance by Characteristics of Participants (N=451)

UH=University hospital; GH=General hospital; ICU=Intensive care unit; ER=Emergency room.

Table 2
Analysis of Empowerment, Job Satisfaction and Nursing Performance (N=451)
Table 3
Correlation Coefficient by Sub Scales of Empowerment, Job Satisfaction, and Nursing Performance (N=451)

E=Empowerment; JS=Job satisfaction; P=Nursing performance; M=Meaning; C=Competence; SD=Self-determination; I=Impact; D=Duty; SV=Supervision; SL=Salary; PM=Promotion; CR=Coworker relationship; O=Organization; T=Turnover; IN=Independent nursing; ID=Interdependent duty; PR=Personal relationship.


Table 4
Factors Affecting Nursing Performance (N=451)
Table 5
Factors Affecting Sub-Categories of Nursing Performance (N=451)

*p<.01; **p<.001.


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