Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.45(4) > 1043940

Korean J Nutr. 2012 Aug;45(4):336-346. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2012.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2012.45.4.336
© 2012 The Korean Nutrition Society
A comparison of health related habits, nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, and blood composition according to gender and weight status of college students in Ulsan
Hye-Kyung Kim, Jin-Hee Kim and Hyun-Kyung Jung
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: hkkim@ulsan.ac.kr )
Received March 08, 2012; Revised April 09, 2012; Accepted June 07, 2012.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

This study was carried out to obtain information related to life styles, nutrition knowledge, and dietary habits according to gender and weight status of college students in Ulsan. The subjects were 324 college students (144 males, 180 females), and they were divided into three groups based on BMI. The average BMI was 21.0 kg/m2, and the BMI of underweight, normal, and overweight students were 15.4%, 63.0%, and 21.6%, respectively. Among the male students, 0.1% and 34.0%, and among the female subjects, 27.2% and 11.7%, were included in the underweight and overweight groups, respectively. For dietary habits, the rate of skipping breakfast (34.9%) was considerably higher than those skipping lunch and dinner. Overall, the nutrition knowledge score, which was assessed by 15 questions, was somewhat low (44.9/100), yet, it was higher in females than in male students. There were significant differences among gender and weight status in several items of dietary habits such as the speed of eating meals, consuming breakfast on a regular basis, and sleeping hours. 40% of the subjects had appropriate knowledge about high calorie foods with low nutritional value. In the blood analysis of the subjects, males had higher hemoglobin levels than females. Further, more females were included in the risk group of Hb, total cholesterol, and LDL. These results suggest that in order to develop nutrition education programs for college students, differences between gender and weight status, dietary habits, and nutrition knowledge level should be considered.

Keywords: health related lifestyle; nutrition knowledge; dietary habits; blood composition; college students

Figures


Fig. 1
Dieting method of the subjects.
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
Antropometric measurements of the subjects
Click for larger image


Table 2
Subjective weight status and BMI status by gender (n(%))
Click for larger image


Table 3
Subjective weight status and BMI status (n (%))
Click for larger image


Table 4
Dieting experience and purpose of the subjects by weight status (n (%))
Click for larger image


Table 5
Health related habits by weight status (n (%))
Click for larger image


Table 6
Nutrition knowledge score of the subjects by weight status
Click for larger image


Table 7
Nutrition knowledge score by gender
Click for larger image


Table 8
Dietary behaviors of the subjects by weight status (n (%))
Click for larger image


Table 9
Food habit score of the subjects
Click for larger image


Table 10
Blood composition of the subjects
Click for larger image


Table 11
Hb level and serum lipids of the subjects (n (%))
Click for larger image

References
1. Statistics Korea.
2. Lee JS, Kim GS. Factors on the seafood preference and eating frequency of the elementary school children. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2000;29(6):1162–1168.
3. Kim KS. In: A study on food habit and food preference of college students in Incheon area [dissertation]. Incheon: Inha University; 1988.
4. Lee KA. A comparison of eating and general health practices to the degree of health consciousness in Pusan college students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 1999;28(3):732–746.
5. Jwa HJ, Chae IS. Body shape satisfaction, nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, and weight control attitude of Korean high school students. Korean J Food Cult 2008;23(6):820–833.
6. Soh HK, Lee EJ, Choi BS. The development of nutrition education program for improvement of body perception of middle school girls (I). The analysis of problems according to the body perception of middle school girls. Korean J Food Cult 2008;23(3):403–409.
7. Kim BR, Han YB, Chang UJ. A study on the attitude toward control, diet behavior and food habits of college students. Korean J Community Nutr 1997;2(4):530–538.
8. Kim BS, Lee YE. The relationship of food behaviors with body image and BMI of female college students in Jeonbuk province. J Korean Living Sci Assoc 2000;9(2):231–243.
9. Park HS, Lee HO, Sung CJ. Body image, eating problems and dietary intakes among female college students in urban area of Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 1997;2(4):505–514.
10. Cho HR, Choi J. Relationship between body satisfaction and appearance enhancement behavior of college students. J Korean Living Sci Assoc 2007;16(4):825–835.
11. Kim M, Kim H. Analyses on the dieters' characteristics and the factors determining diet practice in college. J Korean Living Sci Assoc 2008;17(3):521–532.
12. Lee YS, Oh SY, Kim GW. Analysis on the health condition, meal type and snack preference of university students in Chungnam province. Korean J Hum Ecol 2010;19(2):409–416.
13. Kim H, Kim M. Analysis on awareness and practices for diet according to lifestyles of college students. Korean J Hum Ecol 2010;19(1):157–165.
14. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The forth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) 2007. Cheongwon: 2009. pp. 8-49.
15. Magarey AM, Daniels LA, Boulton TJ, Cockington RA. Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003;27(4):505–513.
16. Park YS, Lee Y, Hyun T. Comparison of dietary behaviors by type of residence among college students. Korean J Diet Cult 1995;10(5):391–404.
17. Kim HK, Kim MJ. Effects of weight control program on dietary habits and blood composition in obese middle-aged women. Korean J Nutr 2010;43(3):273–284.
18. Hwang EM. In: A survey on body image recognition, weight adjustment and eating habits consciousness according to BMI of university student [dissertation]. Ulsan: University of Ulsaniseas; 2010.
19. Obesity fact sheet. 2010 [[cited 2010 Sept. 14]].
20. Korean Society of Lipidology and Atherosclerosis. Korea dyslipidemia treatments guideline. 2nd edition. Seoul: 2009. pp. 31-36.
21. Kim KH. Comparisons of dietary, living habits and blood parameters in underweight and overweight university students. Korean J Food Cult 2006;21(4):366–374.
22. Jung MG. In: A study on the body mass index and dietary behaviors of middle school student in Seoul [dissertation]. Cheongwon: Korea National University of Education; 2001.
23. Choi SN, Chung NY. Bone density, nutrient intake, blood composition and food habits in non-smoking and non-alcohol drinking male university students. Korean J Food Cult 2010;25(4):389–399.
24. Kim MS, Kim HJ. A study for eating behavior of university students (I). Korean J Soc Food Cookery Sci 2003;19(2):127–135.
25. Park MH. In: Realities of nutrition habits and food intake of undergraduate students in Daegu and Gyeongbuk district [dissertation]. Daegu: Yeungnam University; 2006.
26. Hermann JR, Kopel BH, McCrory ML, Kulling FA. Effect of a cooperative extension nutrition and exercise program for older adults on nutrition knowledge, dietary intake, anthropometric measurements, and serum lipids. J Nutr Educ 1990;22(6):271–274.
27. Chung HK, Lee HY. The concepts of weight control and dietary behavior in high school seniors. Korean J Nutr 2010;43(6):607–619.
28. Mallick MJ. Health hazards of obesity and weight control in children: a review of the literature. Am J Public Health 1983;73(1):78–82.
29. Ryu HK, Yoon JS. A comparative study of nutrient intakes and health status with body size and weight control experience in adolescent females. Korean J Community Nutr 2000;5(3):444–451.
30. Park YS, Lee YW, Choi K. Objectivity of self-evaluated obesity and attitude toward weight control among college students. Korean J Diet Cult 1995;10(5):367–375.
31. Kim JS, Park E, Min H, Kang MH. Relationships of plasma homocysteine concentration and oxidative stress markers in Korean college students. Korean J Nutr 2010;43(5):443–452.
32. Kim KH. A study on the dietary and the living habits of university freshmen and undergraduate students. Korean J Food Cult 2004;19(6):620–629.
33. Cha YS, Kim IS, Joo EJ. Comparison of body fat metabolism in middle-aged women depending upon swimming practice. Korean J Nutr 1995;28(5):397–405.
34. Saloumi C, Plourde H. Differences in psychological correlates of excess weight between adolescents and young adults in Canada. Psychol Health Med 2010;15(3):314–325.