Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.45(2) > 1043922

Korean J Nutr. 2012 Apr;45(2):150-158. Korean.
Published online April 27, 2012.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2012.45.2.150
© 2012 The Korean Nutrition Society
A study on the perception of nutrition labeling among high school boys based on their weight
Hyo Seon Eo,1 Jung Sug Lee,2 Hee Eun Min,3 and Heeok Hong4
1The Graduate School ol Education, Sangmyung University, Seoul 110-743, Korea.
2FANSA (Food and Nutrition Statistical Analysis), Seoul 153-764, Korea.
3Research Planning & Management Division, NIFDS, Cheongwon 363-951, Korea.
4NBR Institute, Seoul 135-726, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: hhong5802@hanmail.net )
Received December 09, 2011; Revised January 02, 2012; Accepted April 13, 2012.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between knowledge of nutrition labeling and the effect on eating habits with 300 high school boys in Seoul. The subjects were divided into an underweight (UW) group (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, n = 42), a normal weight (NW) group (18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 23 kg/m2, n = 129) and an overweight (OW) group (BMI ≥ 23 kg/m2, n = 79) based on their body mass index (BMI). The average age of participants was 17.8 years old and their mean height and weight were 174.9 cm and 66.5 kg. The mean BMI of subjects was 21.7 kg/m2 which fell within the normal range. Seventy six point four percent of subjects perceived nutrition labeling and they acquired the information pertaining to it through TV and internet. The UW group and the OW group obtained it from their parents, relatives and friends, while NW group acquired it from school. There were significant differences among groups in the acquired source of the information on nutrition labeling (p < 0.05). The NW group and the OW group trusted nutrition labeling more than the UW group, but there were no significant differences among them. Forty five point five percent of the UW group and 40.7% the NW group were satisfied with nutrition labeling education, while only 15.8% of the OW group did it. The OW group checked nutrition labeling more than the UW group and the NW group at the point of food purchase. The primary reason for examining nutrition labeling was 'to check nutrient contents' in the UW group and the NW group, while the OW group examined it to improve health including regulation of body weight. There were significant differences among groups with regards to the reason for examining nutrition labeling (p < 0.001). The OW group was aware that nutrition labeling affected their eating habits significantly more than the other groups (p < 0.05). Therefore, application-centered education on nutrition labeling and the strong support of the government is needed in order to improve nutrition labeling use and to apply the information from nutrition labeling into student dietary life.

Keywords: obesity; nutrition labeling; nutrition education program; eating habit

Figures


Fig. 1
Body weight distribution of subjects. Underweight: Body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 kg/m2, Normal weight: 18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 23 kg/m2, Overweight: 23 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, Obesity: BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2.
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Tables


Table 1
Anthropometric parameters of the subjects
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Table 2
General characteristics of subjects
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Table 3
Perception, Information acquisition path and Reliability of nutrition labeling
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Table 4
Experience, satisfaction and necessity of education on nutrition labeling
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Table 5
Reasons of necessity of education and publicity on nutrition labeling1)
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Table 6
Use of nutrition labeling during food purchase
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