Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.43(6) > 1043858

Korean J Nutr. 2010 Dec;43(6):620-627. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2010.
© 2010 The Korean Nutrition Society
Correlation among Dietary Habits Score, Life Stress Score and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) Score for Female College Students with Functional Constipation
Jeong Soon You, Ji Yeon Park and Kyung Ja Chang
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: )
Received October 20, 2010; Revised November 15, 2010; Accepted November 30, 2010.


The study purpose was to investigate correlations among dietary habits score, life stress score and health-related quality of life (HRQL) score for female college students with functional constipation (FC). The data were collected in 2008 from 265 female college students: 86 with FC and 179 without FC. The diagnosis of FC was based on the Rome II criteria, and life stress and HRQL were assessed using self-administered life stress questionnaire and SF-36, respectively. The correlations among dietary habit score, life stress score, and HRQL score were evaluated. The averages of age, height, weight, body fat percentage and body mass index (BMI) of female college students were 20.8 years, 160.9 cm, 53.7 kg, 27.8%, and 20.7 kg/m2, respectively. The average dietary habit score of "having meals with diverse foods" was significantly lower in the FC group than in the normal group (p < 0.05). The average faculty problem (p < 0.05), grade problem (p < 0.05), economy problem (p < 0.05), value problem (p < 0.05), and total stress (p < 0.01) scores of the FC group were significantly higher than those of the normal group. The average HRQL score was 70.4 in the FC group and 74.3 in the normal group (p < 0.05). There were significantly negative correlations between total stress score and total food habits score (r = -0.221; p < 0.01) and HRQL score (r = -0.539; p < 0.01) in the FC. These results suggest that female students with FC are highly perceptive to stress and have low HRQL. In addition, female students with FC may require nutritional education about eating diversity.

Keywords: dietary habits; life stress; health-related quality of life; female college students; functional constipation


Table 1
Diagnostic criteria of functional constipation
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Table 2
General characteristics
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Table 3
Anthropometric parameters
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Table 4
Dietary habit scores
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Table 5
Life stress scores
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Table 7
The correlations among food habit score, total life stress score and health-related quality of life score
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