Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.43(6) > 1043854

Korean J Nutr. 2010 Dec;43(6):578-587. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2010.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2010.43.6.578
© 2010 The Korean Nutrition Society
The Relationship Between Children's Behavior Problem and Their Food Behaviors
Jung Hyun Kim,1 and Hae Shin Hwang2
1Department of Home Economics Education, Paichai University, Daejeon 302-735, Korea.
2Department of Family Welfare, Sangmyung University, Seoul 110-743, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: hshwang@smu.ac.kr )
Received October 20, 2010; Revised November 25, 2010; Accepted December 02, 2010.

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the food behavior during the childhood, the influence of food behavior on internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, and the pattern of influence of food behavior on behavior problem depending on children's age and gender. A total of 171 children aged 5 and 6 years were selected who attended 3 nurseries and 1 kindergarten in Seoul, and the survey data responded by teachers were analyzed. The results were as follows. First, children with higher levels of food behavior showed less internalizing behavior problems compared to those with lower levels of food behavior. The main effects and interaction of gender and age were not significant. Second, children with higher levels of food behavior showed less externalizing behavior problems compared to those with lower levels of food behavior. For hyperactivity, interaction of age and food behavior was significant, and age and the interaction of age and food behavior affected children's agression. Food behavior of children affects behavior problem and, therefore, children with better food behavior showed less behavior problems in the same circumstances.

Keywords: food behaviors; behavior problem; internalizing behavior problem; externalizing behavior problem

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Mean and standard deviation of internalizing behavior problem of children by age, gender, and food behavior
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Table 3
The effects of children's age, gender, and food behavior on internalizing behavior problems
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Table 4
Mean and standard deviation of externalizing behavior problem of children by age, gender, and food behavior
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Table 5
The effects of childrem's age, gender, and food behavior on externalizing behavior problems
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Table 6
The effect of food behavior on hyperactivity by age
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Table 7
The effect of food behavior on aggression by age
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