Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.43(5) > 1043846

Korean J Nutr. 2010 Oct;43(5):500-512. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2010.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2010.43.5.500
© 2010 The Korean Nutrition Society
The Relationship between Food and Nutrient Intakes, Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Body Mass Index among High School Girls in Seoul
Heeok Hong and Jung Sug Lee
Department of Food Service Management and Nutrition, Sangmyung University, Seoul 110-743, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: leejs1945@hanmail.net )
Received August 16, 2010; Revised September 25, 2010; Accepted September 27, 2010.

Abstract

investigated with high school girls residing in Seoul. As subjects, 159 girls were divided into a normal weight (NW) group (18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 23 kg/m2, n = 110) and an overweight (OW) group (BMI ≥ 23 kg/m2, n = 49) by body mass index (BMI). The food and nutrient intake data obtained by the 3-day food record were analyzed by Can pro 3.0 software. Anthropometric measurements were collected from each subject. Daily dietary GI (DGI) and dietary GL (DGL) were calculated from the 3-day food record. Body weights and BMI of NW were 52.4 kg and 20.4 kg/m2 and those of OW were 65.2 kg and 25.4 kg/m2, respectively. Total food, animal food, and other food intakes of NW were higher than those of OW, and vegetable food intakes of NW were lower than those of OW. Sugars intake of NW was significantly higher than OW. Nutrient intakes were not different between the two groups. Dietary fiber, calcium, and folate intakes of NW and OW were under 65% of the dietary reference intakes (DRIs). Major food sources of energy intake for both groups were rice, pizza, ice cream, pork, instant noodle, and chicken. Mean adequacy ratio (MAR), an index of overall dietary quality, was higher in NW (0.82) than in OW (0.80). Mean daily DGI of NW and OW was 66.5 and 66.4, respectively. Mean daily DGL of NW and OW was higher in NW (162.0) than in OW (155.9). DGI and DGL adjusted to energy intake were not significantly correlated with anthropometric data.

Keywords: BMI; food intake; nutrient intake; glycemic index; glycemic load

Figures


Fig. 1
Body weight distribution of subjects. Under weight: BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, Normal: 18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 23 kg/m2, Over weight : 23 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, Obesity: BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2.
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Fig. 2
Dietary variety score (DVS) of normal weight and overweight group.
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Fig. 3
MAR of normal weight and overweight group.
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Fig. 4
Mean daily dietary glycemic index and glycemic load of normal weight and overweight group.
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Fig. 5
Dietary glycemic index distribution of normal weight and overweight group.
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Tables


Table 1
Anthropometric data of subjects
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Table 2
Food intakes of normal weight and overweight group (g/day)
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Table 3
Nutrient intakes of normal weight and overweight group
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Table 4
The nutrient intakes percentage compared with Korean dietary reference intakes (DRI)1)
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Table 5
Major food sources contributed to energy
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Table 6
Major food sources contributed to dietary glycemic index (DGI)
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Table 7
Major food sources contributed to dietary glycemic load (DGL)
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Table 8
Correlation coefficients between dietary glycemic index (DGI), dietary glycemic load (DGL) and anthropometric data
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