Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.42(8) > 1043796

Korean J Nutr. 2009 Dec;42(8):702-713. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2009.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2009.42.8.702
© 2009 The Korean Nutrition Society
Prevalence of Constipation, Bowel Habits and Nutrient Intakes of College Students in Incheon Area
Jeong Soon You, Jeong Hee Chin and Kyung Ja Chang
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: kjchang@inha.ac.kr )
Received October 01, 2009; Revised November 05, 2009; Accepted November 14, 2009.

Abstract

This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of constipation, bowel habits and nutrient intakes of college students. The subjects were 353 college students (166 males and 187 females) aged 19 to 29 years in Incheon area. The subjects were asked about bowel habits and dietary intake using questionnaires during march, 2008 and the prevalence of functional constipation (FC) was based on the Rome II criteria. The prevalence of FC in male and female students was 12.7% and 28.9%, respectively. The prevalence of self-reported constipation in male and female students was 12.0% and 36.9%, respectively. Both were higher in female students compared to male students. Among the subjects that have self-reported constipation, proportions of FC were 35.0% in male students and 55.1% in female students. Of subjects that did not self-reported constipation, the proportions of FC were 9.6% in male students and 13.6% in female students. Over 90% of respondents that self-reported constipation in male students, had neither visited a hospital and nor used laxatives or functional foods for constipation relief. Seventy five point three percent of male students, and 40.1% of female students, had a defecation frequency of over 5 times per week (p < 0.001). Ratios intaken under the estimated average requirement (EAR) of Vit A, Vit C, folic acid and Ca were over the 50% regardless of functional constipation. Mean daily consumption of total dietary fiber was 15.0 g/day in male students and 13.5 g/day in female students. According to these results, both functional constipation and self-reported constipation are more frequent in female college students and further studies are required in case-control study and related to psychological factors as well as nutrients to relieve of constipation.

Keywords: constipation; bowel habits; nutrient intakes; college students

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of subjects
Click for larger image


Table 2
Anthropometric parameters of the subjects
Click for larger image


Table 3
Prevalence of functional constipation and self-reported constipation by gender
Click for larger image


Table 4
Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for functional constipation and self-reported constipation by general characteristics
Click for larger image


Table 5
Prevalence of symptoms compatible with functional constipation by Rome II criteria
Click for larger image


Table 6
Proportion of functional constipation in self-reported constipation
Click for larger image


Table 7
Duration of constipation, ever visited hospital and laxative or functional food use in self-reported constipation
Click for larger image


Table 8
Bowel habits of the subjects
Click for larger image


Table 9
Daily nutrient intakes of the subjects by gender and functional constipation
Click for larger image


Table 10
Evaluation of energy intake using EER by gender and functional constipation
Click for larger image


Table 11
Evaluation of nutrient intake using DRI by gender and functional constipation
Click for larger image

Notes

This work was supported by INHA UNIVERSITY Research Grant.

References
1. Lee MS, Kwak CS. The comparison in daily intake of nutrients, quality of diets and dietary habits between male and female college students in Daejeon. Korean J Community Nutr 2006;11(1):39–51.
2. Shin AS, Roh SB. Fast food consumption patterns of college students in Busan. Korean J Dietary Culture 2000;15(4):287–293.
3. Lee SH, Park M. Body fatness and eating behavior of university students. Korean Acad Soc Women's Health 2008;9(2):1–20.
4. Hwang HS. An survey of dietary life and nutrition status in Mokpo National University. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 1991;20(1):65–71.
5. Higgins PDR, Johanson JF. Epidemiology of constipation in North America: a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol 2004;99(4):750–759.
6. Jun DW, Park HY, Lee OY, Lee HL, Yoon BC, Choi HS, Hahm JS, Lee MH, Lee DH, Kee CS. A population-based study on bowel habits in a Korean community: prevalence of functional constipation and self-reported constipation. Dig Dis Sci 2006;51(8):1471–1477.
7. Thompson WG, Longstreth GF, Drossman DA, Heaton KW, Irvine EJ, Muller-Lissner SA. Functional bowel disorders and functional abdominal pain. Gut 1999;45 Suppl II:II43–II47.
8. Jeon SG, Shon CI, Kim JE, Park JE, Park SR, Park KH. Bowel habits in routine check-up subjects. Korean J Med 1999;57(1):36–41.
9. Lee KH. Etiology and treatment of the constipation. J Kyung Hee Univ Med Cent 1999;15(4):328–332.
10. Everhart JE, Go VLW, Johannes RS, Fitzsimmons SC, Roth HP, White LR. A logitudinal survey of self-reported bowel habits in the United States. Dig Dis Sci 1989;34(8):1153–1162.
11. Shin JR, Ly SY. Dietary Habits and Factors Related to Lifestyles in Constipated Female Students. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8(5):675–688.
12. Chung HJ, Park HW, Choi EJ, Lee JJ. A study of the lifestyle factors related to constipation among food habits of college students in Seoul and Gyunggi. Korean J Community Nutr 2002;7(5):654–663.
13. Watanabe T, Nakaya N, Kurashima K, Kuriyama S, Tsubono Y, Tsuji I. Constipation, laxative use and risk of colorectal cancer: The Miyagi Cohort Study. Eur J Cancer 2004;40(14):2109–2015.
14. Kim HJ, Won CW, Choi HR, Kim B, Kim HJ, Bae JM, Hwang HM. Prevalence and risk factors of functional constipation in the Elderly. J Korean Acad Fam Med 2006;27(9):693–698.
15. Lee HJ, O JH. A study on the defecation pattern and lifestyle factors of female high shool and college students in Gyeonggi Province. Korean J Community Nutr 2005;10(1):36–45.
16. You JS, Chin JH, Kim MJ, Chang KJ. College students' dietary behaivior, health-related lifestyles and nutrient intake status by physical activity levels using international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) in Incheon area. Korean J Nutr 2008;41(8):818–831.
17. Cho JY, Song JC. Dietary behavior, health status and perceived stress of university students. Korean J Food & Nutr 2007;20(4):476–486.
18. Kim HK, Kim JH. Food habits and nutrition knowledge of college students residing in the dormitory in Ulsan Area. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2005;34(9):1388–1397.
19. Ko MS. The comparison in daily intake of nutrients and dietary habits of college students in Busan. Korean J Community Nutr 2007;12(3):259–271.
20. Pashankar DS, Loening-Baucke V. Increased prevalence of obesity in children with functional constipation evaluated in an academic medical center. Pediatrics 2005;116:e377–e380.
21. Pecora P, Suraci C, Antonelli M, De Maria S, Marrocco W. Constipation and obesity: a statistical analysis. Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper 1981;57(23):2384–2388.
22. Na HJ, Kim YN. The prevalence of constipation and dietary fiber intake of 3rd Grade High school girls. Korean J Nutr 2000;33(6):675–683.
23. Kim WK, Lee KA. Effect of food behaviors on nutrients and food intake in college students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 1998;27(6):1285–1296.
24. Shin MK, Seo ES. A Study on the food habits and food preference of college students in Ik-San area. J Korean Home Economics Assoc 1995;33(4):89–106.
25. Sung IK. Classification and treatment of constipation. Korean J Gastroenterol 2008;51(1):4–10.
26. Lee JH, O JH. A study on the defecation pattern and lifestyle factors of female high school and college students in Gyeonggi Province. Korean J Community Nutr 2005;10(1):36–45.
27. Sung IK, Rhee PL, Jeon SK, Shim SG, Son HJ, Kim JJ, Koh KC, Paik SW, Rhee JC. Effect of total dietary fiber on bowel habit and bowel transit in healthy subjects. Korean J Gastroenterol 2000;35:39–45.
28. Lim ET, Kim YN. The relationship between the prevalence of constipation and beverage intake of female High school students in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8(6):856–866.
29. Bae YJ, Lee JC, Kim MH. Nutritional status and dietary quality of college students by residing types in Samcheok. J Korean Dietetic Assoc 2007;13(4):311–330.
30. Yu KH, Chung CE, Cho SS, Ly SY. Analysis of dietary fiber intake in the Korean adult population using 2001 Korean national health and nutrition survey data and newly established dietary fiber database. Korean J Nutr 2008;41(1):100–110.
31. Gallager DD, Schneeman BO. In: Dietary fiber. Washington, DC: International Life Sciences Institute; 1996.